King Louis XIII of France

King of France (1610-1643) and King of Navarre (1610-1643)

Died aged c. 42

Louis XIII (French pronunciation: ​[lwi tʁɛz]; sometimes called the Just; 27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was King of France from 1610 until his death in 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown. Shortly before his ninth birthday, Louis became king of France and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de' Medici, acted as regent during his minority. Mismanagement of the kingdom and ceaseless political intrigues by Marie and her Italian favourites led the young king to take power in 1617 by exiling his mother and executing her followers, including Concino Concini, the most influential Italian at the French court. Louis XIII, taciturn and suspicious, relied heavily on his chief ministers, first Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes and then Cardinal Richelieu, to govern the Kingdom of France. The King and the Cardinal are remembered for establishing the Académie française, and ending the revolt of the French nobility. They systematically destroyed the castles of defiant lords, and denounced the use of private violence (dueling, carrying weapons, and maintaining private armies). By the end of the 1620s, Richelieu had established "the royal monopoly of force" as the ruling doctrine. His reign was also marked by the struggles against the Huguenots and Habsburg Spain.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Le Jardin des Plantes Sous le patronage de Louis XIII, le médecin Guy de la Brosse fonde en 1633 le jardin des plantes médicinales, ouvert au public dès 1645. Aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, on y professe l'anatomie, la botanique et la chimie. Buffon, intendant de 1739 à 1788, agrandit le jardin jusqu'à la Seine, et Verniquet édifie le belvédère en 1788 au sommet du labyrinthe. En 1793, Bernardin de Saint-Pierre ouvre la ménagerie et Lakanal crée le Museum d'Histoire naturelle, pourvu de douze chaires illustrées par Cuvier, Lacépède, Lamarck. Sa célère bibliothèque conserve la collection des vélins du roi légués par Gaston d'Orléans. Le jardin a gardé l'érable de Tournefort (1702), le cèdre de Jussieu (1734) et l'if de Buffon (1750).

English translation: The Jardin des Plantes Under the patronage of Louis XIII, the doctor Guy de la Brsse founded in 1633 the garden of medicinal plants, opened to the public in 1645. In the 17th and 18th centuries, anatomy, botany and chemistry were professed. Buffon, intendant from 1739 to 1788, enlarged the garden to the Seine, and Verniquet built the gazebo in 1788 at the top of the maze. In 1793 Bernardin de Saint-Pierre opened the menagerie and LakAnal created the Museum of Natural History, with twelve chairs illustrated by Cuvier, Lacépède, Lamarck. Its heavenly library preserves the collection of king's bellies bequeathed by Gaston d'Orléans. The garden kept the maple of Tournefort (1702), the cedar of Jussieu (1734) and the yew of Buffon (1750). [AWS Translate]

Corner of rue Geoffroy St. Hilaire and rue Buffon, Paris, France where they was