Peter Paul Rubens
(1577-1640)

Died aged 62

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (/ˈruːbənz/; Dutch: [ˈrybə(n)s]; 28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist and diplomat from the Duchy of Brabant in the Southern Netherlands (modern-day Belgium) who lived during the Dutch Golden Age. He is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens's highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian history. His unique and immensely popular Baroque style emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, which followed the immediate, dramatic artistic style promoted in the Counter-Reformation. Rubens was a painter producing altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. He was also a prolific designer of cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops and of frontispieces for the publishers in Antwerp. In addition to running a large workshop in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. Rubens was a prolific artist. The catalogue of his works by Michael Jaffé lists 1,403 pieces, excluding numerous copies made in his workshop. His commissioned works were mostly history paintings, which included religious and mythological subjects, and hunt scenes. He painted portraits, especially of friends, and self-portraits, and in later life painted several landscapes. Rubens designed tapestries and prints, as well as his own house. He also oversaw the ephemeral decorations of the royal entry into Antwerp by the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria in 1635. He wrote a book with illustrations of the palaces in Genoa, which was published in 1622 as Palazzi di Genova. The book was influential in spreading the Genoese palace style in Northern Europe. Rubens was an avid art collector and had one of the largest collections of art and books in Antwerp. He was also an art dealer and is known to have sold an important number of art objects to George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. He was one of the last major artists to make consistent use of wooden panels as a support medium, even for very large works, but he used canvas as well, especially when the work needed to be sent a long distance. For altarpieces he sometimes painted on slate to reduce reflection problems.

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Commemorated on 3 plaques

Hier stand das bereits 1861 von dem niederländischen Reichsarchivar Bakhuizen van den Brink als Rubens-Geburtshaus genannte und erst 1990 lokalisierte Brambachische Haus, das als nassauisches Burglehen für Junker Meffried von Brambach, Amtmann zu Siegen (1526-1552), im Jahre 1536 errichtet und vergeben wurde. Seine Söhne Wilhelm von Brambach, Amtmann zu Diez, und Eberhard von Brambach, kurtrierischer Haushofmeister in Koblenz, vermieteten ihr privilegiertes Burghaus zu Siegen von 1573 bis 1578 an den Antwerpener Advokaten Dr. Johann Rubens und seine Familie. 1577 wurde hier der spätere flämische Barockmaler Peter Paul Rubens geboren. Bereits um 1400 war an dieser Stelle ein Wohnhaus für Johann Graf zu Nassau errichtet worden, das später als Gesindehaus des Schlosses und als Dienstwohnung für Volkwin von Holland, Rentmeister zu Siegen, Verwendung fand. Von 1448 bis 1776 wurden Haus und Garten als Burglehen an adelige Vasallen vergeben; danach befand es sich in bürgerlichem Besitz. Das seit seiner Erbauung kaum veränderte Haus wurde durch Kriegsereignisse 1945 zerstört.

English translation: The Dutch archivist Bakhuizen van den Brink already stood here in 1861 as Rubens Birthplace called and localized only in 1990 Brambachische Haus, which was built and awarded as a Nause castle fief for Junker Meffried von Brambach, Amtmann zu Siegen (1526-1552), in 1536. His sons Wilhelm von Brambach, official of Diez, and Eberhard von Brambach, Electoral caretaker in Koblenz, rented their privileged castle house to win from 1573 to 1578 to Antwerp advocate Dr. Johann Rubens and his family. In 1577, the later Flemish Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens was born here. Already around 1400, a residential building for Johann Graf zu Nassau was built on this site, which later became used as a servantage house of the castle and as a service apartment for Volkwin of Holland, Rentmeister zu Siegen. From 1448 to 1776, the house and garden were given as a castle fief to noble vassals, after which it was in bourgeois ownership. The house, which had hardly changed since its construction, was destroyed by war events in 1945. [AWS Translate]

Burgstraße 10–14, Siegen, Germany where they was born (1577)

Peter Paul Rubens geb. 1577 in Siegen Wie um die Wiege Homers nach Jahrhunderten sieben der Städte / Also stritten um dich, Rubens, der Städte sich drei / Doch Antwerpen und Köln, den zweiten Maler der Erde / Sich zueignend als Sohn, fügten sich endlich dem Spruch: / "Siegen zeigte zuerst ihm die Welt im Reize der Farben, / Die sein Pinsel wie Sol hinter Auroren verteilt; / Raphael sei der Demant, dem Rubin bist du zu vergleichen / Fürst der batavischen Kunst, Rubens, und Siegener auch." / Mutter Heimat, die ich als Seliger segne, so nimm denn / Hier aus Elysium rief's, freundlich die kindliche Hand! Antwerpen 1589-1640 - Siegen 1577-1578 - Köln 1578-1588 - 1855 L.H.H.L. - 1935 H.Kuhmichel -

English translation: Peter Paul Rubens, born 1577 in Siegen What about the cradle of Homer after centuries seven of the cities/ So quarreled over you, Rubens, the cities turned three/ But Antwerp and Cologne, the second painter of the Earth/ Approaching as a son, finally added to the saying:/ “Wins first showed him the world in the charms of colors,/ Spread his brush behind aurors like Sol;/ Raphael be the demant, you can compare the ruby/ Prince of Batavian art, Rubens, and victorious too. “/ Mother's homeland, whom I bless as a blessed, so take/ Here from Elysium, it kindly scambed the childish hand! Antwerp 1589-1640 - Wins 1577-1578 - Cologne 1578-1588 - 1855 L.H.H.L. - 1935 H.Kuhmichel [AWS Translate]

Schlosspark, Siegen, Germany where they was

In dieser Stadt wurde am 29. Juni 1577 geboren: Peter Paul Rubens. Zur Feier des 300sten Geburtstages widmeten diese Gedenktafel Bürger der Stadt Siegen

English translation: Peter Paul Rubens was born in this town on 29 June 1577. In celebration of the 300th anniversary, this memorial plaque is dedicated by the citizens of the city of Siegen.

, Siegen, Germany where they was born near (1577)