Elizabeth Fry
(1780-1845)

Died aged 65

Elizabeth Fry (née Gurney; 21 May 1780 – 12 October 1845), sometimes referred to as Betsy Fry, was an English prison reformer, social reformer, philanthropist and Quaker. Fry was a major driving force behind new legislation to improve the treatment of prisoners, especially female inmates, and as such has been called the 'Angel of Prisons'.She was instrumental in the 1823 Gaols Act which mandated sex-segregation of prisons and female warders for female inmates to protect them from sexual exploitation. Fry kept extensive diaries in which the need to protect female prisoners from rape and sexual exploitation is explicit. She was supported in her efforts by Queen Victoria and by both Emperor Alexander I and Emperor Nicholas I of Russia and was in correspondence with both, their wives and the Empress Mother. In commemoration of her achievements she was depicted on the Bank of England £5 note, in circulation between 2002 and 2016.

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

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Mrs. Elizabeth Fry 1780-1845 Prison Reformer lived here 1800 to 1809

Poultry, EC2, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Here in the village inn quaker and prison reformer Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) in September 1837 held 'a satisfactory reading with the people'

Ifield Street, Crawley, United Kingdom where they held 'a satisfactory reading with the people'

Elizabeth Fry 1780-1845 Born into the Quaker Banking family of the Gurneys, who founded what was to become the Barclays Bank empire, Elizabeth Fry worshipped at the Friends Meeting House and went on to become one of the most respected women's prison reformers in the world - she is, today, commemorated on the reverse of the English five pound note

Upper Goat Lane, Norwich, United Kingdom where they worshipped

On this site stood Arklow House Elizabeth Fry 1780-1845 Prison reformer and Quaker philanthropist lived here

Mildmay Ct, Bellevue Rd, Ramsgate, United Kingdom where they lived

Earlham Hall The home of the Gurney family from 1786-1912. It was visited by their many friends including Amelia Opie, Harriet Martineau and William Wilberforce. The hall dates from c 1642.

Earlham Hall, Norwich, United Kingdom where they lived

Elizabeth Fry 1780 - 1845 Founded an Association for improving the conditions of Female Prisoners in Newgate 1817 and her efforts resulted in a complete change of prison management in this and other Countries. Born at Gurney House in the adjacent Court

Gurney House, Norwich, United Kingdom where they was born near (1780)

The Elizabeth Fry Refuge 1849-1913 To help women in need. Elizabeth Fry, 1780-1845 Reformer of conditions for female prisoners.

195 Mare Street, Hackney, London, United Kingdom where they was

Chiswick Square The houses each side were built in about 1680, Boston House built in 1740, on the site of a previous mansion lies in the picturesque old square behind large iron gates. Into this garden Thackeray in "Vanity Fair" describes Becky Sharp as throwing the dictionary

Chiswick Square, London, United Kingdom where they was