George Stephenson
(1781-1848)

Died aged c. 67

George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was a British civil engineer and mechanical engineer. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", Stephenson was considered by the Victorians a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement. Self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praised his achievements. His chosen rail gauge, sometimes called 'Stephenson gauge', was the basis for the 4 feet 8+1⁄2 inches (1.435 m) standard gauge used by most of the world's railways. Pioneered by Stephenson, rail transport was one of the most important technological inventions of the 19th century and a key component of the Industrial Revolution. Built by George and his son Robert's company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No. 1 was the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825. George also built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened in 1830.

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Commemorated on 9 plaques

HJGrey on Flickr
TonyMo22 on Flickr
Phil Thirkell on Geograph
Busesmaniac on Flickr
Ian S on Geograph
Stephen McKay on Wikimedia Commons

High Level Bridge. George Stephenson, first surveyed routes to Berwick in 1838. His son, Robert, 1803 - 1859, designed this bridge. Rail deck opened in 1849 - a major link in a London-Edinburgh railway. The road deck opened in February 1850.

High Level Bridge, Gateshead, United Kingdom where they surveyed routes

1781-1848 George Stephenson Chief Engineer Liverpool & Manchester Railway lived here

34 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they lived

Locomotion No 1 Locomotion was built to a design originated by George Stephenson, the first President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. On the opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, 27 September 1825, he drove this engine, hauling the inaugural train, on the world's first steam-worked public railway.

Darlington Railway Museum, North Road Station, Darlington, United Kingdom where they designed (1825) and drove this engine, hauling the inaugural train on the opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the world's first steam-worked public railway (1825)

George Stephenson 1781-1848. Black Callerton. Stephenson worked at the nearby Dolly Pit from 1801-1802 when he married Frances Henderson (1769-1806), mother of Robert. In 1820 he married Elizabeth Hindmarsh a Black Callerton farmer's daughter.

West Farm, Black Callerton, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom where they worked near (1801-1802)

Stephenson's Railway Station The Liverpool - Manchester line of the station was opened in 1830 by the Duke of Wellington, famous for his victory at Waterloo

Vicarage Grove, Eccles, United Kingdom where they was

George Stephenson 1781-1848 engineer and railway pioneer lived at Tapton House, Chesterfield from 1838 until his death. Buried at Holy Trinity Church Chesterfield

Chesterfield Train Station, Chesterfield, United Kingdom where they lived near (1838-1848)

George Stephenson 1781-1848 Water Row, Newburn. From 1798 to 1801 George Stephenson was in charge of Robert Hawthorn's new pumping engine at Water Row Pit, where George's father, Robert was a fireman.

Newburn, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom where they was

George Stephenson joined his son, Robert, and others building the Birmingham to London railway, for dinner at the Dun Cow hotel, on 23rd December 1837. Robert Stephenson was the engineer for the project and the dinner marked the completion of the Kilsby Tunnel. This plaque was placed on 25th March 1982 by the institution of mechanical engineers of which George and Robert Stephenson respectively, were the first two presidents.

Dun Cow, Daventry Road, Dunchurch, United Kingdom where they dined (1837)

Tapton House late 18th century house. George Stephenson railway pioneer lived here 1838-1848

Tapton House, Chesterfield, United Kingdom where they lived (1838-1848)