Percy Bysshe Shelley

Died aged 29

Percy Bysshe Shelley ( () BISH; 4 August 1792 – 8 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, widely regarded as one of the greatest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language. A radical in his poetry as well as in his political and social views, Shelley did not see fame during his lifetime, but recognition of his achievements in poetry grew steadily following his death. Shelley became a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron, John Keats, Leigh Hunt, Thomas Love Peacock and his own second wife, Mary Shelley (the author of Frankenstein). Shelley is best known for classic poems such as "Ozymandias", "Ode to the West Wind", "To a Skylark", "Music, When Soft Voices Die", "The Cloud" and The Masque of Anarchy. His other major works include a groundbreaking verse drama, The Cenci (1819), and long, visionary, philosophical poems such as Queen Mab (later reworked as The Daemon of the World), Alastor, The Revolt of Islam, Adonais, Prometheus Unbound (1820)—widely considered his masterpiece, Hellas: A Lyrical Drama (1821) and his final, unfinished work, The Triumph of Life (1822). Shelley's close circle of friends included some of the most important progressive/radical thinkers of his day, including his father-in-law, the philosopher William Godwin (1756–1836), and Leigh Hunt (1784–1859). Though Shelley's poetry and prose output remained steady throughout his life, most publishers and journals declined to publish his work for fear of being arrested for either blasphemy or sedition. Shelley's poetry sometimes had only an underground readership during his day, but his poetic achievements have become widely recognized today, and his political and social thought had an impact on the Chartist and other movements in England, and reach down to the present day. Shelley's theories of economics and morality, for example, had a profound influence on Karl Marx (1818–1883); his early—perhaps first—writings on nonviolent resistance influenced Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910), whose writings on the subject in turn influenced Mahatma Gandhi, and through him Martin Luther King Jr. and others practicing nonviolence during the American civil rights movement. Shelley became a lodestar to the subsequent three or four generations of poets, including important Victorian and Pre-Raphaelite poets such as Robert Browning (1812–1889) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828–1882). Admirers have included Oscar Wilde, Thomas Hardy, George Bernard Shaw, Leo Tolstoy, Bertrand Russell, W. B. Yeats, Upton Sinclair and Isadora Duncan. Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience (1849) apparently shows the influence of Shelley's writings and theories on nonviolence in protest and political action. Shelley's popularity and influence has continued to grow in contemporary poetry circles.

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Commemorated on 13 plaques

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822 poet lived here in 1811

15 Poland Street, W1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Poet and radical thinker Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792 - 1822 Two of his earliest works were printed here.

Warwick Street, Worthing, United Kingdom where they printed two of his earliest works

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822 poet & radical thinker & Mary Shelley 1797-1851 author of Frankenstein lived in a house on this site 1815-16

87 Marchmont Street, London, United Kingdom where they lived

In this churchyard lie the mortal remains of Mary Shelley author of "Frankenstein" her father William author of "Political Justice" her mother Mary author of "The Rights of Women" her son Percy, Jane his wife and the heart of Percy Bysshe her husband the poet

St Peter's, Bournemouth, United Kingdom where they lies

The poet & playwright Percy Bysshe Shelley and his wife Mary authoress of Frankenstein lived here 1817-1818

Shelley House, West Street, Marlow, United Kingdom where they lived (1817-1818)

Percy Bysshe Shelley lived at No. 26 Nelson Square which formerly stood on a site north of this building

Applegarth House, Nelson Square, SE1, London, United Kingdom where they lived near

A Percy Bysshe Shelley che nella primavera del 1819 scrisse in questa casa il Prometeo e lia cenci il comune di Roma cento anni dopo la nascita del poeta sostenitore invitto di liberta popolari avversate ai suoi tempi da tutta Europa pose questo ricordo 1892

English translation:

Via del Corso 375, Rome, Italy where they was

Tra il 1819 e il 1820 in questi luoghi gia di via Valfonda Percy Bysshe Shelley lavoro al 'Prometeo Liberato' compose l'Ode al Vento occidentale

Via Valfonda, 50123, Florence, Italy where they wrote (1819-1820)

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822 regarded as one of the finest poets in the English language was born in Warnham near Horsham.

West Street, Horsham, United Kingdom where they was born near (1792)

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) Poet, Democrat, Philanthropist and Atheist lived here

Reeds Hill, Easthampstead, Bracknell, United Kingdom where they lived

Percy Bysshe Shelley [full inscription unknown]

, Rome, Italy where they stayed

Percy Bysshe Shelley durante l'estate del 1818 nel fervore di nuove creazioni d'arte cerco la quiete ospitale di questa terra e si allieto di ascenderne le fiorite pendici

English translation: Percy Bysshe Shelley during the summer of 1818 in the fervor of new art creations, looked to the hospitable quiet of this land and gladly ascended the flowery slopes

Casa Bertini, Bagni di Lucca, Italy where they stayed (1818)

Percy Bysshe Shelley Stayed here 1812-13 and completed "Queen Mab" All things are recreated.

Plas Tan-Yr-Allt Historic Country House, Tremadog, United Kingdom where they stayed (1812-1813)