General Dwight D. Eisenhower OM
(1890-1969)

Died aged c. 79

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower ( EYE-zən-how-ər; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969), GCB, OM was an American army general who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he became a five-star general in the Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe. He was responsible for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942–43 and the successful invasion of Normandy in 1944–45 from the Western Front. Eisenhower was born David Dwight Eisenhower, and raised in Abilene, Kansas, in a large family of mostly Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. His family had a strong religious background. His mother became a Jehovah's Witness. Eisenhower, however, did not belong to any organized church until 1952. He graduated from West Point in 1915 and later married Mamie Doud, with whom he had two sons. During World War I, he was denied a request to serve in Europe and instead commanded a unit that trained tank crews. Following the war, he served under various generals and was promoted to the rank of brigadier general in 1941. After the United States entered World War II, Eisenhower oversaw the invasions of North Africa and Sicily before supervising the invasions of France and Germany. After the war, he served as Army Chief of Staff (1945–1948), as president of Columbia University (1948–1953) and as the first Supreme Commander of NATO (1951–1952). In 1952, Eisenhower entered the presidential race as a Republican to block the isolationist foreign policies of Senator Robert A. Taft; Taft opposed NATO and wanted no foreign entanglements. Eisenhower won that election and the 1956 election in landslides, both times defeating Adlai Stevenson II. Eisenhower's main goals in office were to contain the spread of communism and reduce federal deficits. In 1953, he threatened to use nuclear weapons until China agreed to peace terms in the Korean War. China did agree and an armistice resulted which remains in effect. His New Look policy of nuclear deterrence prioritized inexpensive nuclear weapons while reducing funding for expensive Army divisions. He continued Harry S. Truman's policy of recognizing Taiwan as the legitimate government of China, and he won congressional approval of the Formosa Resolution. His administration provided major aid to the French who were suppressing Vietnamese independence movements during the First Indochina War. After the French defeat, he gave strong financial support to the new state of South Vietnam, which came under heavy U.S. influence. He supported regime-changing military coups in Iran and Guatemala orchestrated by his own administration. During the Suez Crisis of 1956, he condemned the Tripartite invasion of Egypt, forcing the three nations to withdraw from Egypt. He also condemned the Soviet invasion during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 but took no action. After the Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957, Eisenhower authorized the establishment of NASA, which led to the Space Race. He deployed 15,000 soldiers during the 1958 Lebanon crisis. Near the end of his term, he failed to set up a summit meeting with the Soviets when a U.S. spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. He approved the Bay of Pigs invasion, which was left to John F. Kennedy to carry out. On the domestic front, Eisenhower was a moderate conservative who continued New Deal agencies and expanded Social Security. He covertly opposed Joseph McCarthy and contributed to the end of McCarthyism by openly invoking executive privilege. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and sent Army troops to enforce federal court orders which integrated schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. His largest program was the Interstate Highway System. He promoted the establishment of strong science education via the National Defense Education Act. His two terms saw widespread economic prosperity except for a minor recession in 1958. In his farewell address to the nation, he expressed his concerns about the dangers of massive military spending, particularly deficit spending and government contracts to private military manufacturers, which he dubbed "the military–industrial complex". Historical evaluations of his presidency place him among the upper tier of American presidents.

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Commemorated on 13 plaques

On this site in 1899 George Warne 1864-1916 founded this hotel in part of York Terrace Warnes was Worthing's premier hotel famous visitors included King Edward VII King George V Emperor Haile Selassie and his family Winston Churchill General Montgomery General Eisenhower John Philip Sousa Warnes closed in 1985 burned down 1987

Marine Parade, Worthing, United Kingdom where they visited

In this building were located the headquarters of General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander in Chief Allied Force June-November 1942 Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force January-March 1944

20 Grosvenor Square, London, United Kingdom where they was

The United States of America recognises the selfless service and manifold contributions of General Dwight David Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, 1944-1945. At this site General Eisenhower, on behalf of freedom loving peoples throughout the world, directed the Allied Expeditionary Forces against Fortress Europe, 6 June 1944. This plaque was dedicated by a United States Department of Defense delegation and the Eisenhower family on 4 June 1990 during the Centennial year of his birth and the 46th Anniversary of Operation OVERLORD.

Norfolk House, 31 St James's Square, SW1Y 4JJ, London, United Kingdom where they directed Allied Expeditionary Forces

General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander, Allied Forces Europe General Eisenhower lived in Telegraph Cottage, Warren Road, from 1942 to 1944. This property formerly stood about 750 yards along Warren Road

Warren Road, Coombe, London, United Kingdom where they was

Dwight D. Eisenhower [full inscription unknown]

Crescent Quay, Wexford, Ireland where they visited (1962)

Built in 1890 as quarters for navy officers, the Little White House later was used by American Presidents William Howard Taft, Harry S. Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton. Truman used the facility as a vacation home and functioning White House between 1946 and 1952....

111 Front St, Key West, FL, United States where they stayed

Texas Historical Marker #02787

John H. Shary Home. Built 1917 by Father of the Texas citrus industry, pioneer developer of Rio Grande Valley, and the Intercoastal Canal. For 20 years chairman Sharyland School Board. Here in 1953, Mrs. Shary, her daughter, Mrs. Allen Shivers, and Governor Shivers entertained President Dwight D. Eisenhower during Falcon Dam dedication. Shivers, 1949-1957 Governor, was chief executive longer than any other; headed one of state's most progressive administrations, a major event of his regime was the restoration of the tidelands to Texas. (1964) #2787

?, Palmhurst, TX, United States where they visited

Texas Historical Marker #04577

Santa Fe Depot. Built 1899. Beaux Arts design features native stone banding. When intact, north windows of painted glass depicted travel from Pony Express to steam locomotives. Visitors here have included such world figures as Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower and Lyndon B. Johnson. Depot was used by six railroad companies. As of 1970, Santa Fe served Texas with greater trackage than any other railroad, 5102 miles. #4577

1501 Jones, Fort Worth, TX, United States where they visited

Texas Historical Marker #07359

Birthplace of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Thirty-fourth president of the United States; born here Oct. 14, 1890, third son of David J. and Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower. Dwight Eisenhower graduated from the U. S. Military Academy, 1915; in 1943, during World War II, was appointed commanding general of Allied Forces in Europe; served as president of Columbia University, 1948-1952; was President of U. S., 1952-1960; active elder statesman later. #7359

?, Denison, TX, United States where they was born (1890)

Dwight D. Eisenhower. The future President of the U.S., General of the Army, and Supreme Commander in Europe in WWII lived in this house with his wife Mamie and infant son Icky in the spring and summer of 1918. An Army captain, he was then commanding Camp Colt at Gettysburg.

157 N. Washington St., Gettysburg, PA, United States where they lived (1918)

Norfolk House in the building 24 June 1942 - 8 November 1942 General of the army Dwight D Eisenhower supreme allied commander formed the first Allied Headquarters and in conjunction with the Commanders of the fighting services of the Allied Nations and the authorities in Washington and London planned and launched Operation "Torch" for the liberation of North Africa and later 16 January 1944 - 6 June 1944 as supreme allied commander allied expedictionary force in conjunction with the commanders fo the fighting services of the allied nations and the authorities in Washington and London he planned and launched operation 'Overlord" for the liberation of North West Europe

Norfolk House, 31 St James's Square, SW1Y 4JJ, London, United Kingdom where they was

D-Day 6 June 1944, the Normandy landings were planned by General Montgomery and others in St Paul's School, which occupied this site from 1884 to 1968. On 15 May 1944, the final invasion plan was presented to General Eisenhower and senior allied commanders in the school lecture theatre, in the presence of King George VI and the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill

Hammersmith Road, London, United Kingdom where they was

Dwight D. Eisenhower slept here [full inscription unknown]

The Water Tower, Weston Woods, Worlebury Hill, Weston-super-Mare, United Kingdom where they slept (1944)