King Henry II of France

King of France (1547-1559)

Died aged c. 40

Henry II (French: Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536. As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matters of art, war, and religion. He persevered in the Italian Wars against the House of Habsburg and tried to suppress the Protestant Reformation, even as the Huguenot numbers were increasing drastically in France during his reign. The Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), which put an end to the Italian Wars, had mixed results: France renounced its claims to territories in Italy, but gained certain other territories, including the Pale of Calais and the Three Bishoprics. In addition, even if the Habsburgs maintained a position of primacy, France managed to change the European balance of power by forcing Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor to abdicate during the Eighth Italian War and divide the Habsburg Empire betweenSpain and Austria. Henry suffered an untimely death in a jousting tournament held to celebrate the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis. The king's surgeon, Ambroise Paré, was unable to cure the infected wound inflicted by Gabriel de Montgomery, the captain of his Scottish Guard. He was succeeded in turn by three of his sons, whose ineffectual reigns helped to spark the French Wars of Religion between Protestants and Catholics.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Elliott Brown on Flickr

Hôtel Croze de Peyronetti Construit sous Henri II à la fin du 16e siècle, dans un style italien maniériste par l'architecte Paul Lombard, il est la représentant le plus caractéristique des architectures privées d'Aix pour ce siècle. L'impostant encadrement de la porte à bossages vermiculés frappe tout d'abord et contraste avec la légéreté des frises du premier étage, ornées de bucranes et de trophées. Les pilastres doubles du premier étage, d'ordre toscan, encadrent des fenêtres dont les ferronneries des balcons datent du 17e siècle. A l'origine le bâtiment n'avait qu'un étage et fut surélevé peu aprés la construction.

English translation: Hotel Croze de Peyronetti built under Henry II in the late 16th century in an Italian Mannerist style by architect Paul Lombard, it is the most characteristic representative of private Aix architectures for this century. The impostant doorway to vermiculated bosses strikes first and contrasts with the lightness of the first floor friezes adorned with bucrania and trophies. Double pilasters of the first floor of Tuscan order, frame windows with wrought iron balconies from the 17th century. Originally the building had only one floor, which was raised soon after construction.

Rue de l'Aude, Aix-en-Provence, France where they built under