Sir Rt Hon. Winston Churchill CH KG OM PC FRS TD RA

Died aged c. 91

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, DL, FRS, RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a non-academic historian, a writer (as Winston S. Churchill), and an artist. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 for his overall, lifetime body of work. In 1963, he was the first of only eight people to be made an honorary citizen of the United States. Churchill was born into the family of the Dukes of Marlborough, a branch of the Spencer family. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jennie Jerome, was an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Anglo–Sudan War, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and wrote books about his campaigns. At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of Asquith's Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He then briefly resumed active army service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government under Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air, then Secretary of State for the Colonies. After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Baldwin's Conservative government of 1924–1929, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Out of office and politically "in the wilderness" during the 1930s because of his opposition to increased home rule for India and his resistance to the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII, Churchill took the lead in warning about Nazi Germany and in campaigning for rearmament. At the outbreak of the Second World War, he was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, Churchill became Prime Minister. His speeches and radio broadcasts helped inspire British resistance, especially during the difficult days of 1940–41 when the British Commonwealth and Empire stood almost alone in its active opposition to Adolf Hitler. He led Britain as Prime Minister until victory over Nazi Germany had been secured. After the Conservative Party lost the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition to the Labour Government. He publicly warned of an "Iron Curtain" of Soviet influence in Europe and promoted European unity. After winning the 1951 election, Churchill again became Prime Minister. His second term was preoccupied by foreign affairs, including the Malayan Emergency, Mau Mau Uprising, Korean War, and a UK-backed coup d'état in Iran. Domestically his government laid great emphasis on house-building. Churchill suffered a serious stroke in 1953 and retired as Prime Minister in 1955, although he remained a Member of Parliament until 1964. Upon his death aged ninety in 1965, Elizabeth II granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of world statesmen in history. Named the Greatest Briton of all time in a 2002 poll, Churchill is widely regarded as being among the most influential people in British history, consistently ranking well in opinion polls of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom.

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Commemorated on 20 plaques

Sir Winston Churchill KG 1874-1965 Prime Minister lived and died here

28 Hyde Park Gate, Kensington Gore, Kensington and Chelsea, SW7, London, United Kingdom where they lived and died (1965)

Sir Winston Churchill, K.G. (1874-1965) Prime Minister was educated at The Misses Thompson's Preparatory School 1883-1885

Lansdowne Road, Hove, United Kingdom where they educated

Lansworth House 29-30 Brunswick Road where the Rt Hon Winston Edward Spencer Churchill K.G. was educated at the Misses Thompson Preparatory School in 1883 - 1884 -1885

29-30 Brunswick Road, Hove, United Kingdom where they educated

On this site in 1899 George Warne 1864-1916 founded this hotel in part of York Terrace Warnes was Worthing's premier hotel famous visitors included King Edward VII King George V Emperor Haile Selassie and his family Winston Churchill General Montgomery General Eisenhower John Philip Sousa Warnes closed in 1985 burned down 1987

Marine Parade, Worthing, United Kingdom where they visited

Sir Winston Churchill spoke here at the former Caxton Hall 1937-1942

Caxton Hall, London, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston Churchill lived here 1909-1913

34 Eccleston Square, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Churchill's Stone This stone represents the one on which Churchill stood to address Bletchley Park staff during his visit of Sixth September 1941

Bletchley Park (outside Bletchley Park House), Bletchley, United Kingdom where they addressed the staff (1941)

Sir Winston Churchill lived in a house on this site 1921-1924

3 Sussex Square, W2, London, United Kingdom where they was

Chartwell home of Sir Winston Churchill was bought & presented to the nation in 1947 by a group of his friends & admirers whose names are recorded here in gratitude by the National Trust. Sir Edward Peacock. Viscount Camrose. Viscount Bearsted. Sir Hugo Cunliffe. Owen Lord Glendyne. Lord Leathers. Mr James De Rothschild. Sir Frederick Stewart. Mr J. Arthur Rank. Viscount Partal of Laverstoke. Sir Edward Mountain. Sir James Lithgow. Lord Kenilworth. Lord Bicester. Sir James Caird. Lord Catto. Viscount Nuffield.

Chartwell, Mapleton Road, Westerham, United Kingdom where they lived

Winston and Clementine Churchill lived here from 1930-1939

1-12 Morpeth Mansions, Morpeth Terrace, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1930-1939)

Wintergarden. Largely inspired by the design of the Crystal Palace, the Wintergarden was built in 1897 for the Royal Baths development. It was largely demolished in 1938 but the original entrance and staircase were preserved. In December 1900, Winston Churchill spoke here of his experience as a prisoner during the Boer War.

Parliament Street, Harrogate, United Kingdom where they spoke (1900)

Droxford Station. In a special train at this station, the Rt.Hon. Sir Winston Churchill MP then Prime Minister of the UK spent some days with his staff prior to the invasion of Europe on D Day 6th June 1944

Station Road, Droxford, United Kingdom where they stayed (1943)

Sir Winston Churchill 1874-1965 Lived Here 1880-1883

29 St James's Place, SW1A, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1880-1883)

Hotel Majestic. The Hotel Majestic opened on 18 July 1900 as the finest hotel of the world's greatest spa. Built by Frederick hotels and designed by London architect G. D. Martin, the majestic has, for over a century, been the preferred address of visitors such as Winston Churchill, Edward Elgar, Errol Flynn, 'James Herriot', G. B. Shaw and several Prime-Ministers. Bombed on 12 July 1940, the Hotel Majestic served as an RAF Reception Centre during the Second World War. It was extensively refurbished between 1998 and 2002.

Ripon Road, Harrogate, United Kingdom where they visited

Winston S Churchill Epping Mp (1924-1945) and war time Prime Minister. On this site stood the Victoria Buildings from which Mr Churchill addressed the people of Epping as their MP

M&S, High Street, Epping, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston Churchill Britain's wartime Prime Minister MP for Epping 1924-1945

M&S, High Street, Epping, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston S. Churchill 1874-1965 Member of Parliament Oldham 1900-1906. On the steps of the Town Hall Winston Churchill started his parliamentary career when he was declared Member of Parliament for Oldham in 1900

Town Hall, Oldham, United Kingdom where they was

Guests at this hotel have included King Henry VII, Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald and Winston Churchill, author George Bernard Shaw and Queen Anne of Denmark

Sadler Street, Wells, United Kingdom where they stayed

Sir Winston Churchill Prime Minister 1940-1945 and 1951-1955 Member of parliament for the city of DUndee from 9th May 1908 to 15th November 1922 This plaque was erected to commemorate the centenary of his election 9th May 2008 REMEMBER WINSTON CHURCHILL Unveiled by Winston Churchill's daughter The Lady Soames, L.G., D.B.E.

118 Nethergate, Dundee, United Kingdom where they was near

D-Day 6 June 1944, the Normandy landings were planned by General Montgomery and others in St Paul's School, which occupied this site from 1884 to 1968. On 15 May 1944, the final invasion plan was presented to General Eisenhower and senior allied commanders in the school lecture theatre, in the presence of King George VI and the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill

Hammersmith Road, London, United Kingdom where they was