Sir Fowell Buxton 1st Baronet MP

Died aged c. 59

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, 1st Baronet (1 April 1786 – 19 February 1845) was an English Member of Parliament, brewer, abolitionist and social reformer. Buxton was born at Castle Hedingham, Essex. His father was also named Thomas Fowell Buxton. His mother's maiden name was Anna Hanbury. Through the influence of his mother, who was a Quaker, Buxton became associated with the Gurney family of Earlham Hall, Norwich. He was especially close to Joseph John Gurney, his sister the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, and their sister Hannah, whom he married in May 1807. He lived at Northrepps Hall in Norfolk.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
sleepymyf on Flickr

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton 1786-1845 anti-slavery campaigner lived and worked here

The Directors’ House, Old Truman Brewery, 91 Brick Lane, Tower Hamlets, E1, London, United Kingdom where they lived and worked

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton BT. MP. 1786-1845 Buxton led the Parliamentary campaign responsible for the 1833 Act freeing the 700,000 slaves then held in the West Indies and elsewhere in the British Empire. Married into the Quaker Banking family of the Gurneys, he worked with Elizabeth Fry to improve conditions in prisons and reduce the number of crimes deemed worthy of the death penalty. He spoke at the Friends Meeting House in Norwich and used St Andrews Hall to organize meetings in favour of his various causes.

Upper Goat Lane, Norwich, United Kingdom where they spoke