St Jeanne d'Arc

woman, Saint, and heroine of France

Died aged 19

Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc, IPA: [ʒan daʁk]; 6 January c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. Joan of Arc was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims. This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory. On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the Burgundian faction, which was allied with the English. She was later handed over to the English and put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age. In 1456, an inquisitorial court authorized by Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, debunked the charges against her, pronounced her innocent, and declared her a martyr. In the 16th century she became a symbol of the Catholic League, and in 1803 she was declared a national symbol of France by the decision of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920. Joan of Arc is one of the nine secondary patron saints of France, along with St. Denis, St. Martin of Tours, St. Louis, St. Michael, St. Rémi, St. Petronilla, St. Radegund and Ste. Thérèse of Lisieux. Joan of Arc has remained a popular figure in literature, painting, sculpture, and other cultural works since the time of her death, and many famous writers, filmmakers and composers have created works about her. Cultural depictions of her have continued in films, theater, television, video games, music, and performances to this day.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 8 plaques

Jeanne d'Arc venant de Vaucouleurs entra dans Chinon le Dimanche 6 Mars 1429 par la Porte de Verdun qui s'elevait ici. Cinquieme Centenaire

Joan of Arc, travelling from Vaucouleurs, entered Chinon on Sunday 6 March 1429 through the Porte de Verdun which rises here. Fifth Centennial.

Rue Haute St-Maurice, Chinon, France where she entered the city

Le 6 Mars 1429 Jeanne d'Arc pour déscendre de cheval mit le pied sur la màrgelle d’un puits banal abrité sous un auvent situe ici au grand Carroi Reconstitution effectuee par les soins de la Societe les Amis du Vieux Chinon

On March 6, 1429 Jeanne d'Arc pour déscendre de cheval set foot on the màrgelle of a banal well sheltered under a canopy located here at the Grand Carroi Reconstitution carried out by the Societe les Amis du Vieux Chinon [AWS Translate]

Rue de Grand Carroi, Chinon, France where she set foot (1429)

Le Bucher. Emplacement ou Jeanne d'Arc fut brulee le 30 Mai 1431. The location where Joan of Arc was burnt on May 30th 1431. D** S*ell1 an der die Jungfrau von orleans auf 30 Mai 1431 verbranet warde

The Bucher. Location or Joan of Arc was brutalized on May 30, 1431. The location where Joan of Arc was burnt on May 30th 1431. D** S* ell1 an der die Jungfrau von orleans auf 30 Mai 1431 verbranet warde [AWS Translate]

, Rouen, France where she was burned

Près d'ici le mercredi 20 mai 1431, après le supplice du vieux marché, les cendres de Jeanne D'arc furent jetées dans la Seine du haut de l'ancien pont Mathilde.

Near by Wednesday, May 20, 1431, after the torment of the old market, the ashes of Jeanne D'arc were thrown into the Seine from the top of the old bridge Mathilde. [AWS Translate]

Pont Boieldieu, Rouen, France where she was scattered (1431)

Jeanne d'Arc conduisant le roi Charles VII à Reims a séjourné dans la ville de Chalons le 14 et 15 juillet 1429. Cinquième centenaire le 14 juillet 1929

Joan of Arc, bringing King Charles VII to Reims, stayed in the city of Chalons on 14 and 15 July 1429. Fifth Centenary 14 July 1929

, Châlons-en-Champagne, France where she stayed (1429)

Jeanne d'Arc fait sacrer Charles VII à Reims le 17 Juillet 1429 accomplissant ainsi sa mission. Cinquième centenaire.

Joan of Arc brought Charles VII to his coronation in Reims on 17 July 1429 fulfilling his mission. Fifth centenary.

Place du forum, Reims, France where she was (1429)

Jeanne d'Arc conduisant Charles VII à Reims a été reçue le 10 juillet 1429 dans cette église par les Troyens revenus spontanément à leur roi légitime. Cinquième centenaire 7 Juillet 1929

Joan of Arc leading Charles VII to Reims was received 10 July 1429 in this church by the Troyens who spontaneously returned to their legitimate king. Fifth Centenary 7 July 1929

, Troyes, France where she was (1429)

Ici était la tour du château de Philippe Auguste dite plus tard Tour de la Pucelle, Jeanne d'Arc y fut prisonnière du 25 décembre 1430 au 30 mai 1431 jour de son supplice.

Here was the tower of the castle of Philippe Auguste called later Tower of the Pucelle, Jeanne d'Arc was imprisoned there from 25 December 1430 to 30 May 1431 day of her torment. [AWS Translate]

102 rue Jeanne-d'Arc, Rouen, France where she was imprisoned (1430-1431)