Charles Baudelaire
(1821-1867)

Died aged c. 46

Charles Pierre Baudelaire (/ˌboʊdəlˈɛər/; French: [ʃaʁl bodlɛʁ] ; April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century. Baudelaire's highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others. He is credited with coining the term "modernity" (modernité) to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.

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Commemorated on 5 plaques

Hôtel Lefebvre de la Malmaison, conseiller au Parlement, 1645. Baudelaire y vécut en 1842 et 1843

English translation: Hotel Lefebvre de la Malmaison, parliamentary counselor, 1645. Baudelaire lived here in 1842 and 1843

22 du quai de Béthune, Paris, France where they lived (1842-1843)

Le poete Charles Baudelaire 1821 - 1867 sejourna dans cette maison de 1832 a 1836

English translation: The poet Charles Baudelaire 1821 - 1867 stayed in this house from 1832 to 1836 [AWS Translate]

Rue d'Auvergne, Lyon, France where they lived (1832-1836)

Cimetière du Montparnasse Sur des terrains appartenant à l'Hôtel-Dieu et aux religieux de l'hôpital de la Charité, s'élevait depuis le XVe siècle un moulin, transformé en guinguette après la Révolution, à l'époque où abondaient cabarets, bals et restaurants près des barrières du Montparnasse et du Maine. Lorsque la Ville de Paris décida, le 24 juillet 1824, d'ouvrir sur ces vastes terrains le nouveau cimetière du Montparnasse, ce moulin devint la maison du gardien; réduit à l'état de tour, il en reste un des principaux ornements. L'ouverture du cimetière déclencha un tollé parmi les cabaretiers qui craignaient d'y perdre leur clientèle. Son développement rapide entraîna l'établissement de marbriers, qui firent apel à des sculpteurs: Rude, Carpeaux et, plus tard, Bourdelle vinrent s'installer près des barrières du Maine et d'Enfer. Etendu sur 19 hectares, il regroupe plus de 34000 tombes, véritable campo santo des célébrités de Paris: ainsi le monument de Baudelaire représente un gisant au-dessus duquel se penche le génie du mal.

English translation: Montparnasse Cemetery, on land belonging to the Hôtel-Dieu and the Hôpital de la Charité, was from the fifteenth century a mill, then turned into a tavern after the Revolution, at the time abounded cabarets, dances barriers and restaurants near Montparnasse and Maine. When the City of Paris decided, on July 24 1824, to open on the vast land the new cemetery of Montparnasse, the mill became the keeper's house; no longer able to turn, it remains one of the principal ornaments. The opening of the cemetery sparked an outcry among publicans who feared losing their customers. Its rapid development led to the establishment of masons, who made appeal to sculptors: Rude, Carpeaux and later came to settle near Bourdelle barriers Maine and Hell. Spread over 19 hectares, it includes more than 34,000 graves, real campo santo celebrities Paris: Baudelaire and the monument is a lying above which looks evil genius.

3, boulevard Edouard Quinet, Paris, France where they was (1867)

Ici Charles Baudelaire, Jean Sibelius, Richard Wagner, Oscar Wilde ont honoré Paris de leur séjovr

English translation: Here Charles Baudelaire, Jean Sibelius, Richard Wagner, Oscar Wilde have honoured Paris with their visit

19 quai Voltaire, Paris, France where they visited

Charles Baudelaire En ce lieu s'élevait la maison où naquit le poète Charles Baudelaire le 9 Avril 1821.

English translation: Charles Baudelaire. Here stood the house where the poet Charles Baudelaire was born on 9 April 1821.

17 Rue Hautefeuille, Paris, France where they was born (1821)