Rt Hon. Earl William Pitt PC FRS
(1708-1778)

Died aged c. 70

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, PC (15 November 1708 – 11 May 1778) was a British statesman of the Whig group who led the government of Great Britain twice in the middle of the 18th century. Historians call him Pitt or Chatham, or William Pitt the Elder to distinguish from his son, William Pitt the Younger, who also was a prime minister. Pitt was also known as The Great Commoner, because of his long-standing refusal to accept a title until 1766. Pitt was a member of the British cabinet and its informal leader from 1756 to 1761 (with a brief interlude in 1757), during the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War in the United States). He again led the ministry, holding the official title of Lord Privy Seal, between 1766 and 1768. Much of his power came from his brilliant oratory. He was out of power for most of his career and became well known for his attacks on the government, such as those on Walpole's corruption in the 1730s, Hanoverian subsidies in the 1740s, peace with France in the 1760s, and the uncompromising policy towards the American colonies in the 1770s. Pitt is best known as the wartime political leader of Britain in the Seven Years' War, especially for his single-minded devotion to victory over France, a victory which ultimately solidified Britain's dominance over world affairs. He is also known for his popular appeal, his opposition to corruption in government, his support for the colonial position in the run-up to the American War of Independence, his advocacy of British greatness, expansionism and colonialism, and his antagonism toward Britain's chief enemies and rivals for colonial power, Spain and France. Peters argues his statesmanship was based on a clear, consistent, and distinct appreciation of the value of the Empire. British parliamentary historian, Peter D.G. Thomas, (2003) argues that Pitt's power was based not on his family connections but the extraordinary parliamentary skills by which he dominated the House of Commons. He displayed a commanding manner, brilliant rhetoric, and sharp debating skills that cleverly utilized broad literary and historical knowledge.

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Commemorated on 7 plaques

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Here lived three Prime Ministers: William Pitt Earl of Chatham 1708-1778 Edward Geoffrey Stanley Earl of Derby 1799-1869 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898

Chatham House, 10 St James's Square, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Here lived Earl of Chatham B.1708-D.1778

7 The Circus, Bath, United Kingdom where they lived

William Pitt 1st Earl Of Chatham 1708 – 1778 Lived at South Lodge near this Site prior to 1754

44 Merryhills Drive N2, London, United Kingdom where they lived near

William Pitt 1708-1778, First Earl of Chatham, known as Pitt the Elder and the Great Commoner, MP for Old Sarum 1735-47, Prime Minister 1766-68, spent part of his boyhood here.

Marwarden Court, Salisbury, United Kingdom where they acquired

Behind these premises stood Hayes Place the home of William Pitt 1st Earl of Chatham 1708-1778 British Prime Minister and the birthplace of William Pitt the Younger 1759-1806 British Prime Minister

25 Hayes Street, Hayes, Bromley, BR2 7LE, London, United Kingdom where they was

This house occupies part of the site of what was originally known as the Great House of Lyme Regis. Here lodged in the summer of 1773 William Pitt (1708-1778), first Earl of Chatham, the great War Minister of George II, and his son William Pitt (1759-1806), the great Prime Minister of George III. Also for some months in 1796-1797 it was the home of Mary Russell Mitford (1787-1855) essayist & dramatist

Boots, 45 Broad Street, Lyme Regis, United Kingdom where they stayed (1773)

William Pitt Earl of Chatham 1708-1778 Prime Minister lived in a house on this site

Terrace House, North End Avenue, London, United Kingdom where they lived