Charles Darwin
(1809-1882)

Died aged c. 73

Charles Robert Darwin, FRS FRGS FLS FZS (/ˈdɑːrwɪn/; 12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species. By the 1870s, the scientific community and much of the general public had accepted evolution as a fact. However, many favoured competing explanations and it was not until the emergence of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s that a broad consensus developed in which natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. In modified form, Darwin's scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life. Darwin's early interest in nature led him to neglect his medical education at the University of Edinburgh; instead, he helped to investigate marine invertebrates. Studies at the University of Cambridge (Christ's College) encouraged his passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell's uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin began detailed investigations and in 1838 conceived his theory of natural selection. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay that described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories. Darwin's work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872). His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, The Formation of Vegetable Mould, through the Actions of Worms (1881), he examined earthworms and their effect on soil. Darwin has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history, and he was honoured by burial in Westminster Abbey.

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friend of Gideon Lincecum

Commemorated on 16 plaques

Charles Darwin 1809-1882 naturalist lived in a house on this site 1838-1842

Biological Sciences Building, University College, (site of 110) Gower Street, Camden, WC1, London, United Kingdom where he lived

In 1851 Charles Darwin stayed here with his daughter Anne Elizabeth who was being treated by pioneer of the Malvern Water Cure Dr James Manby Gully.

Montreal House, Worcester Road, Malvern, United Kingdom where he stayed

Hillside. Charles Darwin & family stayed here (Wells Terrace) while awaiting the publication of 'On the Origin of Species' in autumn 1859. In the 20th century it became St Winifred's Maternity Home.

Crossbeck Road, Ilkley, United Kingdom where he stayed

Charles Darwin 1809-1882 Kept in lodgings on this site in 1828 while an undergraduate of Christs College

28 Petty Cury, Cambridge, United Kingdom where he lodged

Charles Darwin lived in a house on this site 1828

28 Petty Cury, Cambridge, United Kingdom where he lived

This residence was home to Britain's most famous naturalist and geologist during six weeks of the summer of 1861 Charles Robert Darwin traveller, adventurer and writer b.1809-d.1882 author of Origin Of Species published 1859

2 Meadfoot House, Hesketh Crescent, Torquay, United Kingdom where he lived

Wells House Designed by Cuthbert Brodrick, the celebrate architect of Leeds Town Hall. Landscaped by Joshua Major. Opened in 1856 as a Hydro, offering water treatments and pure Ilkley air. In 1859, Charles Darwin was a patient. In 1954 became The College of Housecraft. Restored as apartments by Magellan Properties Ltd in 2003.

Wells House, Ilkley, United Kingdom where he was a patient (1859)

On this site Charles Darwin (1809-1882) author of The Origin of Species lodged at 11 Lothian Street while studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh 1825-1827

Rear wall of National Museum of Scotland, South College Street, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where he lodged

Charles Darwin 1809-1882 naturalist stayed here in 1850

8 Paragon, Ramsgate, United Kingdom where he stayed (1850)

Charles Darwin 1809-1882 arrived at Falmouth aboard 'The Beagle' on 2nd October 1836 and departed on the Royal Mail coach from this site

Fish Strand Hill, Truro, United Kingdom where he landed near (1836)

To the memory of Charles Robert Darwin author of "The Origin Of The Species" born in Shrewsbury, February 12th 1809. In early life a member and constant worshipper in this church. Died April 19th 1882

Shrewsbury Unitarian Church, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom where he worshipped

Charles Darwin 1809-1882. Charles Darwin was born in this house on 12th February 1809

The Mount House, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom where he was born (1809)

Charles Darwin 1809-1882. Disembarco en esta caleta de wulaia, centro del territorio yamana el 23 de enero de 1833. Su estadia en Chile entre 1832 y 1835, durante su viaje a bordo de la "Beagle", contribuyo a la elaboracion de sus idea cientificas. Homenaje en el bicentenario de su natalicio.

Charles Darwin 1809-1882. Disembarked from this cove Wulaia, center of Yamana territory Jan. 23, 1833. His stay in Chile between 1832 and 1835, during his trip aboard the "Beagle", contributed to the development of their scientific idea.

entrance to the old meteorology station, Bahia Wulaia, Chile where he landed near

Castle Gates Library Founded by Edward VI in 1552, Shrewsbury School occupied this site until 1882. The stone buildings were built 1594-1630. Sir Philip Sidney, Judge Jeffreys and Charles Darwin were educated here. Re-opened as a library in 1983 after complete renovation. This plaque commemorates the 60th anniversary in 1986 of The Rotary Club of Shrewsbury

Shrewsbury Library - School Gardens, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom where he educated

The Old Parsonage or Manse This house, built 1689 for a Shrewsbury Draper's family stands on the site of one clearly shown on the Burleigh map of 1575, which it probably incorporates. When the new King George I gave his protection to the Unitarian Church in the High Street after its destruction in 1715, this house also became the Minister's manse until the 1920s as well as the church's school to provide non-Trinitarian education. Charles Darwin along with his sister were pupils here in 1817 under the Reverend Augustus Chase before he went on to The Schools, Shrewsbury (now the Library). The poet S.T. Coleridge, through staying with Hazlitt in Wem, was associated with the house when a candidate for the ministry here, only to be granted a pension to pursue his radical politics and philosophy by the then patron Josiah Wedgwood, Darwin's grandfather. Religious mobs damaged the house several times during the 1700s. It received the award of the Shrewsbury Civic Society for its restoration in the early 1950s.

13 Claremont Hill, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom where he attended school (1817)

Charles Darwin At daybreak on 27-12-1831 H M Survey Ship Beagle. commanded by Captain R. Fitzroy RN departed its anchorage in Barn Pool, opposite this point. Darwin’s ‘Origin of Species’ resulted directly from experiences gained during this voyage to South America.

, Plymouth, United Kingdom where he sailed from (1831)