J. R. R. Tolkien
(1892-1973)

Died aged 81

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE FRSL (/ˈtɒlkiːn/; 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973), known by his pen name J. R. R. Tolkien, was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings. While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature—or, more precisely, of high fantasy. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning "dead celebrity" in 2009.

DbPedia
Wikidata Wikipedia

Family tree

Commemorated on 12 plaques

J. R. R. Tolkien author of The Lord of the Rings lived here 1930-1947

20 Northmoor Road, Oxford, United Kingdom where they lived

Sarehole Mill site of water mill since 1542. Used by Matthew Boulton in mid 18th Century rebuilt 1768 inspired J. R. R. Tolkien 1896-1900

Sarehole Mill, Cole Bank Rd, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they inspired

J. R. R. Tolkien 1892-1973 lived near here 1902-1910

Teleperformance House, Hagley Road, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they lived near

J. R. R. Tolkien Author of The Lord Of The Rings Stayed Here June 1916

Plough and Harrow Hotel, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they stayed

J. R. R. Tolkien author 1892-1973 lived here 1910-1911

Highfield Day Nursery and Preschool - 3-4 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they lived

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien 1982-1973 author and scholar stayed here regularly from the 1950's until 1972

Hotel Miramar, East Overcliff Drive, Bournemouth, United Kingdom where they stayed

J. R. R. Tolkien CBE academic and author lived here between 1924 and 1925. While Reader, later Professor, at the University of Leeds 1920-1925, he collaborated on a new edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Tolkien went on to write The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. 1892-1973

2 Darnley Road, West Park, Leeds, United Kingdom where they lived (1924-1925)

J. R. R. Tolkien lived here 1953 – 1968. The hill

76 Sandfield Rd, Headington, OX3 7RL, Oxford, United Kingdom where they lived (1953-1968)

J. R. R. Tolkien author of The Lord of the Rings convalesced here (then Brooklands Officers' Hospital) 1917-1918 during his service in the Great War

Dennison Centre, Cottingham Road, Hull, United Kingdom where they convalesced

Birthplace of J.R.R. Tolkien John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, author of "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings", was born on this site on 3 January 1892 Geboorteplek van J.R.R. Tolkien John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, die skrywer van "The Hobbit" en "The Lord of the Rings", is 3 Januarie 1892 op hierdie terrein gebore

19 President Steyn Avenue , Bloemfontein, South Africa where they was born (1892)

George Sayer Head of English at Malvern College lived here, where in 1950s and 1960s he often entertained close friends C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien

22 Alexandra Road, Malvern, United Kingdom where they visited

J. R. R. Tolkien and Edith Bratt married here on March 22 1916 [full inscription unknown]

St Mary Immaculate Church, West Street, Warwick, United Kingdom where they married