Sir Rt Hon. Winston Churchill CH KG OM PC FRS TD RA

Died aged c. 91

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, soldier, and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom twice, from 1940 to 1945 during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Apart from two years between 1922 and 1924, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1900 to 1964 and represented a total of five constituencies. Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, he was for most of his career a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955. He was a member of the Liberal Party from 1904 to 1924. Of mixed English and American parentage, Churchill was born in Oxfordshire to a wealthy, aristocratic family. He joined the British Army in 1895 and saw action in British India, the Anglo-Sudan War, and the Second Boer War, gaining fame as a war correspondent and writing books about his campaigns. Elected a Conservative MP in 1900, he defected to the Liberals in 1904. In H. H. Asquith's Liberal government, Churchill served as President of the Board of Trade and Home Secretary, championing prison reform and workers' social security. As First Lord of the Admiralty during the First World War, he oversaw the Gallipoli Campaign but, after it proved a disaster, he was demoted to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He resigned in November 1915 and joined the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front for six months. In 1917, he returned to government under David Lloyd George and served successively as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air, and Secretary of State for the Colonies, overseeing the Anglo-Irish Treaty and British foreign policy in the Middle East. After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government, returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure and depressing the UK economy. Out of government during his so-called "wilderness years" in the 1930s, Churchill took the lead in calling for British rearmament to counter the growing threat of militarism in Nazi Germany. At the outbreak of the Second World War he was re-appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. In May 1940, he became Prime Minister, succeeding Neville Chamberlain. Churchill formed a national government and oversaw British involvement in the Allied war effort against the Axis powers, resulting in victory in 1945. After the Conservatives' defeat in the 1945 general election, he became Leader of the Opposition. Amid the developing Cold War with the Soviet Union, he publicly warned of an "iron curtain" of Soviet influence in Europe and promoted European unity. Between his terms as Prime Minister, he authored several books recounting his experience during the war for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. He lost the 1950 election, but was returned to office in 1951. His second term was preoccupied with foreign affairs, especially Anglo-American relations and the preservation of what remained of the British Empire with India now no longer part of it. Domestically, his government emphasised housebuilding and completed the development of a nuclear weapon (begun by his predecessor). In declining health, Churchill resigned as Prime Minister in 1955, although he remained an MP until 1964. Upon his death in 1965, he was given a state funeral. Widely considered one of the 20th century's most significant figures, Churchill remains popular in the Anglosphere, where he is seen as a victorious wartime leader who played an important role in defending Europe's liberal democracy against the spread of fascism. On the other hand, he has been criticised for some wartime events and also for his imperialist views.

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Commemorated on 28 plaques

Sir Winston Churchill KG 1874-1965 Prime Minister lived and died here

28 Hyde Park Gate, Kensington Gore, Kensington and Chelsea, SW7, London, United Kingdom where they lived and died (1965)

Sir Winston Churchill, K.G. (1874-1965) Prime Minister was educated at The Misses Thompson's Preparatory School 1883-1885

Lansdowne Road, Hove, United Kingdom where they educated

Lansworth House 29-30 Brunswick Road where the Rt Hon Winston Edward Spencer Churchill K.G. was educated at the Misses Thompson Preparatory School in 1883 - 1884 -1885

29-30 Brunswick Road, Hove, United Kingdom where they educated

On this site in 1899 George Warne 1864-1916 founded this hotel in part of York Terrace Warnes was Worthing's premier hotel famous visitors included King Edward VII King George V Emperor Haile Selassie and his family Winston Churchill General Montgomery General Eisenhower John Philip Sousa Warnes closed in 1985 burned down 1987

Marine Parade, Worthing, United Kingdom where they visited

Sir Winston Churchill spoke here at the former Caxton Hall 1937-1942

Caxton Hall, London, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston Churchill lived here 1909-1913

34 Eccleston Square, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Churchill's Stone This stone represents the one on which Churchill stood to address Bletchley Park staff during his visit of Sixth September 1941

Bletchley Park (outside Bletchley Park House), Bletchley, United Kingdom where they addressed the staff (1941)

Sir Winston Churchill lived in a house on this site 1921-1924

3 Sussex Square, W2, London, United Kingdom where they was

Chartwell home of Sir Winston Churchill was bought & presented to the nation in 1947 by a group of his friends & admirers whose names are recorded here in gratitude by the National Trust. Sir Edward Peacock. Viscount Camrose. Viscount Bearsted. Sir Hugo Cunliffe. Owen Lord Glendyne. Lord Leathers. Mr James De Rothschild. Sir Frederick Stewart. Mr J. Arthur Rank. Viscount Partal of Laverstoke. Sir Edward Mountain. Sir James Lithgow. Lord Kenilworth. Lord Bicester. Sir James Caird. Lord Catto. Viscount Nuffield.

Chartwell, Mapleton Road, Westerham, United Kingdom where they lived

Winston and Clementine Churchill lived here from 1930-1939

1-12 Morpeth Mansions, Morpeth Terrace, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1930-1939)

Wintergarden. Largely inspired by the design of the Crystal Palace, the Wintergarden was built in 1897 for the Royal Baths development. It was largely demolished in 1938 but the original entrance and staircase were preserved. In December 1900, Winston Churchill spoke here of his experience as a prisoner during the Boer War.

Parliament Street, Harrogate, United Kingdom where they spoke (1900)

Droxford Station. In a special train at this station, the Rt.Hon. Sir Winston Churchill MP then Prime Minister of the UK spent some days with his staff prior to the invasion of Europe on D Day 6th June 1944

Station Road, Droxford, United Kingdom where they stayed (1943)

Sir Winston Churchill 1874-1965 Lived Here 1880-1883

29 St James's Place, SW1A, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1880-1883)

Hotel Majestic. The Hotel Majestic opened on 18 July 1900 as the finest hotel of the world's greatest spa. Built by Frederick hotels and designed by London architect G. D. Martin, the majestic has, for over a century, been the preferred address of visitors such as Winston Churchill, Edward Elgar, Errol Flynn, 'James Herriot', G. B. Shaw and several Prime-Ministers. Bombed on 12 July 1940, the Hotel Majestic served as an RAF Reception Centre during the Second World War. It was extensively refurbished between 1998 and 2002.

Ripon Road, Harrogate, United Kingdom where they visited

Winston S Churchill Epping Mp (1924-1945) and war time Prime Minister. On this site stood the Victoria Buildings from which Mr Churchill addressed the people of Epping as their MP

M&S, High Street, Epping, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston Churchill Britain's wartime Prime Minister MP for Epping 1924-1945

M&S, High Street, Epping, United Kingdom where they spoke

Sir Winston S. Churchill 1874-1965 Member of Parliament Oldham 1900-1906. On the steps of the Town Hall Winston Churchill started his parliamentary career when he was declared Member of Parliament for Oldham in 1900

Town Hall, Oldham, United Kingdom where they was

Winston Churchill lay in state here from the Twenty seventh of January until his burial at Bladon on the Thirtieth of January Nineteen hundred and Sixty five

Westminster Hall, London, United Kingdom where they lay in state (1965)

Guests at this hotel have included King Henry VII, Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald and Winston Churchill, author George Bernard Shaw and Queen Anne of Denmark

Sadler Street, Wells, United Kingdom where they stayed

Sir Winston Churchill Prime Minister 1940-1945 and 1951-1955 Member of parliament for the city of DUndee from 9th May 1908 to 15th November 1922 This plaque was erected to commemorate the centenary of his election 9th May 2008 REMEMBER WINSTON CHURCHILL Unveiled by Winston Churchill's daughter The Lady Soames, L.G., D.B.E.

118 Nethergate, Dundee, United Kingdom where they was near

St George's Hall. Bradford's first public building was designed by celebrated architects Henry Francis Lockwood and William Mawson, and financed by public subscription. It has hosted, amongst others, Charles Dickens, Winston Churchill and Harry Houdini, and is one of the oldest concert halls still in use in Europe. Erected 1853

St George's Hall, Bradford, United Kingdom where they performed

D-Day 6 June 1944, the Normandy landings were planned by General Montgomery and others in St Paul's School, which occupied this site from 1884 to 1968. On 15 May 1944, the final invasion plan was presented to General Eisenhower and senior allied commanders in the school lecture theatre, in the presence of King George VI and the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill

Gate pier, St Paul's Gardens and Open Space, Hammersmith Road, London, United Kingdom where they was

To honour the memory of Sir Winston Churchill 1874-1965 Prime Minister 1940-1945 & 1951-1955 World Statesman who addressed meetings at this venue

Victoria Hall, 6 Bury Road, Old Harlow (St. John's Avenue elevation), Harlow, United Kingdom where they was

1878 Penshurst built c. 1920 Churchill stayed c. 1942 Canadian Command 1976 renamed Les Mouettes' by the Smithemans

, Seaford, United Kingdom where they stayed (1920)

Here Winston Spencer Churchill on July 26th 1897, made his first political speech.

The American Museum - Claverton Manor, Bath, United Kingdom where they made his first political speech (1897)

The greater part of this wall was built between the years 1925 & 1932 by Winston by his own hands

Mapleton Rd, Westerham, Chartwell, United Kingdom where they was

The National Trust thanks those who so generously supported the Chartwell Project to secure the legacy of Sir Winston Churchill at his beloved home 2016 to 2020

Mapleton Rd, Westerham, Chartwell, United Kingdom where they was

This rose walk commemorates the golden wedding of Winston & Clementine Churchill and was the gift of their children Diana Randolph Sarah and Mary 12 September 1958

Mapleton Rd, Westerham, United Kingdom where they was