King Edward IV of England
(1442-1483)

King of England (1461-1470) and King of England (1471-1483)

Died aged c. 41

Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions between 1455 and 1487. Edward inherited the Yorkist claim when his father, Richard, Duke of York, died at the Battle of Wakefield in December 1460. After defeating Lancastrian armies at Mortimer's Cross and Towton in early 1461, he deposed King Henry VI and took the throne. His marriage to Elizabeth Woodville in 1464 led to conflict with his chief advisor, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, known as the "Kingmaker". In 1470, a revolt led by Warwick and Edward's brother George, Duke of Clarence, briefly re-installed Henry VI. Edward fled to Flanders, where he gathered support and invaded England in March 1471; after victories at the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, he resumed the throne. Shortly afterwards, Henry VI was found dead in the Tower of London. Despite a continuing threat from Henry Tudor, the last Lancastrian claimant, Edward reigned in relative peace for the next twelve years. When Edward died suddenly in April 1483, his minor son became King Edward V, with his father's brother, the Duke of Gloucester, as Lord Protector. In June, Gloucester seized the throne as Richard III after declaring his nephews illegitimate; they are generally supposed to have been murdered shortly afterwards. In 1485, he was killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor, who ruled as Henry VII, and married Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth of York, thus uniting the two houses.

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

samwhite59 on Flickr
Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons

King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester (later King Richard III) visited Norwich 18-21 June 1469. Queen Elizabeth Woodville was entertained here at the Blackfriars 18 July 1469

Blackfriars Hall, Norwich, United Kingdom where they visited (1469)

Returning from exile on Tuesday 12 March 1471 King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester (Richard III) made their first landfall at Cromer

The Esplanade, Cromer, United Kingdom where they landed (1471)