Admiral Sir Viscount Horatio Nelson RN KB
(1758-1805)

Died aged 47

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté KB (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership, superb grasp of strategy, and unconventional tactics, all of which resulted in a number of decisive naval victories, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He was wounded several times in combat, losing one arm in the unsuccessful attempt to conquer Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the sight in one eye in Corsica. He was shot and killed during his final victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Nelson was born into a moderately prosperous Norfolk family and joined the navy through the influence of his uncle, Maurice Suckling. He rose rapidly through the ranks and served with leading naval commanders of the period before obtaining his own command in 1778. He developed a reputation in the service through his personal valour and firm grasp of tactics but suffered periods of illness and unemployment after the end of the American War of Independence. The outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars allowed Nelson to return to service, where he was particularly active in the Mediterranean. He fought in several minor engagements off Toulon and was important in the capture of Corsica and subsequent diplomatic duties with the Italian states. In 1797, he distinguished himself while in command of HMS Captain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent. Shortly after the battle, Nelson took part in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, where his attack was defeated and he was badly wounded, losing his right arm, and was forced to return to England to recuperate. The following year, he won a decisive victory over the French at the Battle of the Nile and remained in the Mediterranean to support the Kingdom of Naples against a French invasion. In 1801, he was dispatched to the Baltic and won another victory, this time over the Danes at the Battle of Copenhagen. He subsequently commanded the blockade of the French and Spanish fleets at Toulon and, after their escape, chased them to the West Indies and back but failed to bring them to battle. After a brief return to England, he took over the Cádiz blockade in 1805. On 21 October 1805, the Franco-Spanish fleet came out of port, and Nelson's fleet engaged them at the Battle of Trafalgar. The battle was Britain's greatest naval victory, but during the action Nelson, aboard HMS Victory, was fatally wounded by a French sharpshooter. His body was brought back to England where he was accorded a state funeral. Nelson's death at Trafalgar secured his position as one of Britain's most heroic figures. The significance of the victory and his death during the battle led to his signal, "England expects that every man will do his duty", being regularly quoted, paraphrased and referenced up to the modern day. Numerous monuments, including Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London, and the Nelson Monument in Edinburgh, have been created in his memory and his legacy remains highly influential.

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Family tree

stepfather of Josiah Nisbet

Commemorated on 17 plaques

Horatio, Lord Nelson 1758-1805 lived here in 1798

103 New Bond Street, Westminster, W1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Horatio Nelson lived here in 1797. Born 1758, fell at Trafalgar 1805.

147 New Bond Street, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Here dwelt Admiral Lord Nelson B.1758 D.1805

2 Pierrepont Street, Bath, United Kingdom where they lived

The Cricket Green Opposite this clubhouse is the Cricket or Lower Green, part of the common or grazing land of medieval times which largely escaped enclosure in the 18th and 19th centuries. Cricket has been played there for at least 250 years. Lord Nelson was once a spectator.

Mitcham Cricket Club, Cricket Green CR4 4LA, London, United Kingdom where they spectator

Trafalgar Bi-Centenary 2005 Admiral Lord Nelson 1758-1805 Whilst visiting Birmingham in August 1802, Vice Admiral Viscount Nelson stayed at the Styles' (later the Royal) Hotel, which stood on the site opposite. Such was the impression that Nelson made during his stay, that after his death at the Battle of Trafalgar, Birmingham was the first place in the kingdom to erect a statue in his memory. This foremost statue still stands in the Bull Ring today.

Temple Row, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they stayed

Nelson House Circa 18th century. This building is reputed to have been a school at which Admiral Lord Nelson received part of his education

Reeds Homestore - 17 Bridge Street, Downham Market, United Kingdom where they received part of his education

Merton Place. Sixty metres (200 feet) to the south east was ‘Merton Place’, the only house ever owned (1801 – 1805) by Admiral Lord Nelson and from which he set out for the Battle of trafalgar. Lady Hamilton also lived here 1801 – 1808.

Merton Place, nr Doel Close, Merton, London, United Kingdom where they owned a house and lived

Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson On 21 May 1776 Horatio Nelson, then a midshipman being invalided back to England from the East Indies, arrived in Simon's Bay aboard the H.M.S. Dolphin. The ship remained here for a month and it is probable that Nelson did come ashore during this period.

St George's Street, Simon's Town, South Africa where they was

The Birthplace of Admiral Lord Nelson The Old Rectory in which the Admiral was born stood twenty yards back from this wall. It was pulled down in 1803

?, Burnham Thorpe, United Kingdom where they was born (1758)

Lord Nelson visited Ross in 1802 and walked through these gardens.

Merton House Hotel, Edde Street, Ross-on-Wye, United Kingdom where they visited (1802)

Here Nelson fell 21st Oct 1805

Quarter Deck, HMS Victory, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where they fell (1805)

On Saturday 14th. September 1805, Admiral Lord Nelson boarded HMS Victory lying anchor off St. Helens near to this spot. HMS Victory with HMS Euryalus in company, sailed the following morning, Sunday 15th. September, to join the Fleet off Cadiz prior to the Battle of Trafalgar. 21st. October 1805.

?, St. Helens, Isle of Wight , United Kingdom where they was near

East Rock House. Admiral Lord Nelson, Sir William and Lady Hamilton stayed here in 1802

St Julian Street, Tenby, United Kingdom where they stayed (1802)

Site of The Blue Ball Inn. Admiral Lord Nelson with Sir William and Lady Hamilton in 1802 attended a performance in its 'Fit Up' theatre.

10 Upper Frog Street, Tenby, United Kingdom where they visited (1802)

Foley House. Foley House, Architect John Nash, was built around 1794 for Richard Foley Esq. A regular guest was his brother Admiral Sir Thomas Foley. The house was visited in 1802 by Lord Nelson and Lady Hamilton.

Goat Street, Haverfordwest, United Kingdom where they visited (1802)

City Arms. Site of North Gate of Saxon Town. Formerly the Town House of the Duke of Norfolk, this became the City Arms Hotel and Nelson stayed here 23rd August 1802

Broad Street, Hereford, United Kingdom where they stayed (1802)

Lady Emma Hamilton and Lord Horatio Nelson stayed here in 1801

The Royal Hotel, Beach Street, Deal, United Kingdom where they visited (1801)