King Richard III of England

Plantagenet and King of England (1483-1485)

Died aged c. 33

Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of the historical play Richard III by William Shakespeare. When his brother King Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm for Edward's son and successor, the 12-year-old Edward V. As the young king travelled to London from Ludlow, Richard met and escorted him to lodgings in the Tower of London, where Edward V's own brother Richard of Shrewsbury joined him shortly afterwards. Arrangements were made for Edward's coronation on 22 June 1483; but, before the young king could be crowned, his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville was declared invalid, making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. On 25 June, an assembly of Lords and commoners endorsed the claims. The following day, Richard III began his reign, and he was crowned on 6 July 1483. The young princes were not seen in public after August, and accusations circulated that the boys had been murdered on Richard's orders, giving rise to the legend of the Princes in the Tower. There were two major rebellions against Richard. The first, in October 1483, was led by staunch allies of Edward IV and Richard's former ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; but the revolt collapsed. In August 1485, Henry Tudor and his uncle, Jasper Tudor, led a second rebellion. Henry Tudor landed in southern Wales with a small contingent of French troops and marched through his birthplace, Pembrokeshire, recruiting soldiers. Henry's force engaged Richard's army and defeated it at the Battle of Bosworth Field in Leicestershire. Richard was struck down in the conflict, making him the last English king to die in battle on home soil and the first since Harold II was killed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Henry then ascended to the throne as Henry VII. After the battle Richard's corpse was taken to Leicester and buried without pomp. His original tomb monument is believed to have been removed during the Reformation, and his remains were lost for more than five centuries, believed to have been thrown into the River Soar. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was commissioned by the Richard III Society on a city council car park on the site once occupied by Greyfriars Priory Church. The University of Leicester identified the skeleton found in the excavation as that of Richard III as a result of radiocarbon dating, comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, and comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants of Richard III's eldest sister, Anne of York. Richard's remains were reburied in Leicester Cathedral on 26 March 2015.

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Commemorated on 11 plaques

Near this site stood the Church Of The Greyfriars where the body of Richard III the last Plantagenet King of England was interred after his death aged 32, at the Battle of Bosworth Field 22 AUGUST 1485 ... Requiescat in pace

Grey Friars, Leicester, United Kingdom where they was interred

King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester (later King Richard III) visited Norwich 18-21 June 1469. Queen Elizabeth Woodville was entertained here at the Blackfriars 18 July 1469

Blackfriars Hall, Norwich, United Kingdom where they visited (1469)

King Richard III 1483-1485 is reputed to have stayed here

?, Scarborough, United Kingdom where they reputedly stayed

Richard III. Within the Archbishop's palace here, King Richard III invested his son as Prince of Wales on the 8th September, 1483.

Dean's Park, York, United Kingdom where they invested his son (1483)

Crosby Hall originally stood in Bishopsgate in the City of London and was transferred to this site under threat of demolition in 1910. It formed part of Crosby Place built in th 15th century for Sir John Crosby, a wealthy wool merchant, and after him was occupied by King Richard III. It later passed to Sir Thomas More on whose estate in Chelsea it has come to rest.

Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, SW3, London, United Kingdom where they occupied

According to tradition the residence C.1471 of Richard Duke of Gloucester King Richard III 1483 - 85

Great Dockwray, Penrith, United Kingdom where they lived

Richard III, as Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, was Lord of Barnard Castle from c.1474 until his death in 1485. He made improvements to the castle, took a close interest in the town and was a great benefactor of its church.

1 Newgate, Barnard Castle, United Kingdom where they mentioned (1474-1485)

King Richard III wall last standing remnant of the 1484 town wall

North Terrace car park boundary wall, Scarborough, United Kingdom where they is commemorated

Richard, the last Plantagenet King of England, was slain here 22nd August 1485

Richard's Field, Northwest of Ambion Hill, Sutton Cheney, United Kingdom where they was killed (1485)

Near this spot, on August 22nd 1485, at the age of 32, King Richard III fell fighting gallantly in defence of his realm & his crown against the usurper Henry Tudor. The Cairn was erected by Dr. Samuel Parr in 1813 to mark the well from which the king is said to have drunk during the battle. It is maintained by the Fellowship of the White Boar.

Richard's Well, Northwest of Ambion Hill, Sutton Cheney, United Kingdom where they was killed near (1485)

Returning from exile on Tuesday 12 March 1471 King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester (Richard III) made their first landfall at Cromer

The Esplanade, Cromer, United Kingdom where they landed (1471)