Robert Burns
(1759-1796)

Died aged c. 37

Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest. He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism, and a cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish diaspora around the world. Celebration of his life and work became almost a national charismatic cult during the 19th and 20th centuries, and his influence has long been strong on Scottish literature. In 2009 he was chosen as the greatest Scot by the Scottish public in a vote run by Scottish television channel STV. As well as making original compositions, Burns also collected folk songs from across Scotland, often revising or adapting them. His poem (and song) "Auld Lang Syne" is often sung at Hogmanay (the last day of the year), and "Scots Wha Hae" served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country. Other poems and songs of Burns that remain well known across the world today include "A Red, Red Rose", "A Man's a Man for A' That", "To a Louse", "To a Mouse", "The Battle of Sherramuir", "Tam o' Shanter" and "Ae Fond Kiss".

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Commemorated on 21 plaques

Craig Wallace on Geograph
Robert Burns 13th September 1797
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Robert Burns, poet. Stayed in the Ettles Hotel, near this spot, on his visit to Inverness in September 1787.

Armed Forces Careers Office, Bridge Street, Inverness, United Kingdom where they stayed (1787)

Founded by James Chalmers in January 1748 as the "Aberdeen's Journal" and originally printed and published at an office on the north side of Castle Street, this firm occupied premises in Broad Street from 1894 to 1970. During the 20th century amalgamation took place with the "Aberdeen Free Press" to form Aberdeen Journals Ltd. The company then printed and published its newspapers at rebuilt offices at 20 Broad Street where once lived Dr Alexander Cruden, author of a noted concordance to the bible. Robert Burns the famous Scottish poet visited the Journal offices in 1787. The Press and Journal and Evening Express moved to Lang Stacht in 1970 when this building was opened by Rt Hon Gordon Campbell MCMP Secretary of State for Scotland

Aberdeen Journals Building, Lang Stracht, Aberdeen, United Kingdom where they visited

Robert Burns 13th September 1797

Hillside, Montrose, United Kingdom where they watered a horse

Robert Burns visited Innerleithen on 14th May 1787

12 High Street, EH44 6HA, Innerleithen, United Kingdom where they visited

Burns House. Robert Burns and his family moved to this house in 1793 from the Wee Vennel, now Bank Street. Here he continued to write songs and here he died on 21st July 1796

Burns House, Burns Street, Dumfries, United Kingdom where they moved to , wrote songs , and died (1796)

Burns' House. In this house the Scottish national poet, Robert Burns, died on 21st July, 1790. After his decease his wife, Jean Armour (Bonnie Jean), continued to reside here until her death in 1834. The mortal remains of the poet and his wife are interred in the kirkyard of St. Michael's situated nearby. In 1851 this house was purchased by the poet's son, Colonel William Nicol Burns EICS and placed by him under the care of trustees for its maintenance as far as possible in perpetuity as a memorial to his father.

Burns House, Burns Street, Dumfries, United Kingdom where they died (1796)

In a house on the east side of this close Robert Burns lived during his first visit to Edinburgh, 1786.

Lady Stair’s Close, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they lived

To commemorate the visit of Robert Burns to Dumbarton on 29 June, 1787 when he was made an Honorary Burgess and Guild Brother.

Glencairn House, Dumbarton, United Kingdom where they visited

Robert Burns In the year 1792, while staying in the house which occupied this site, Robert Burns wrote the poem "The Deil's Awa' Wi' Th'Exciseman" 1759-1796

Cafe Royal, High Street, Annan, United Kingdom where they stayed (1792) and wrote the poem "The Deil's Awa' Wi' Th'Exciseman" (1792)

In the White Hart Inn Robert Burns stayed during his last visit to Edinburgh 1791

The White Hart Inn, 34 Grassmarket, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they stayed (1791)

This tablet commemorates the meeting of Robert Burns and Sir Walter Scott which took place here in the winter of 1786 - 87.

Sciennes House Place, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was (1786-1787)

Robert Burns lodged here when this building was the Black Bull Inn when he visited Glasgow June 1787, February and March 1788

Virginia Street, G2 8AA, Glasgow, United Kingdom where they lodged (1787-1788)

Eglinton Woods Drukken Steps (St. Bryde's Well) favourite walk (1781-82) of Robert Burns and his sailor friend Richard Brown. "Do you recollect a Sunday we spent together in Eglinton Woods?" R.B. Edinburgh 30th Dec. 1787

Drukken Cairn was near the Drukken Steps / Saint Bryde's Well, relocated in 1976 to McKinnon Terrace, Ayrshire, KA12, Irvine, United Kingdom where they walked (1781-1782)

Robert Burns lodged here 1781 - 1782

4 Glasgow Vennel, Ayrshire, KA12 0BD, Irvine, United Kingdom where they lodged (1781-1782)

Here Burns wrote on a window pane Ask why God made the gem so small, and why so huge the granite, because God meant mankind should set the higher value on it.

Church Gate, Moffat, United Kingdom where they wrote

The Old Rosslyn Inn (circa 1660-1866). Among the distinguished visitors were King Edward VII when Prince of Wales, Dr Samuel Johnson and James Boswell, Robert Burns and Alexander Naysmith, Sir Walter Scott, and William and Dorothy Wordsworth.

Chapel Loan, Roslin, United Kingdom where they visited

Burns House Robert Burns lived in this house when he visited Jedburgh in 1787. He was waited on by the magistrates and presented with the Freedom of the Royal Burgh. Unveiled by the Provost J. S. Boyd 25th Jan 1913.

27 Canongate, TD8 6ER, Jedburgh, United Kingdom where they lived (1787) and visited (1787)

Lodge St. Ebbe No. 70. Royal Arch Chapter Land of Cakes No. 15. In this building Burns was made a Royal Arch Mason on 19th May 1787

Lodge St. Ebbe No. 70, Masons Wynd, TD14 5HG, Eyemouth, United Kingdom where they was (1787)

The Stirling Arms Hotel A marriage lintel inside the Stirling Arms Hotel shows that there has probably been an inn on this site since the 17th century. The present building dates from 1770 and was visited by Robert Burns in 1787. Burns was appointed to the post of Excise man in Dunblane, but he died before taking up office.

Stirling Road, Dunblane, United Kingdom where they was

William Topaz McGonagall 1825-1902 The most miraculous minstrel William Topaz McGonagal Described as the very best of the world's worst poets He gave a recital of his poems in the Gellions Hotel Oct.1894 to the Heather Blend Club Robert Burns also visited Inverness in 1789 residing at Ettles Hotel directly across from the Gellions Hotel

14 Bridge Street, Inverness, United Kingdom where they stayed near (1789)

The Burns Monument, a cast iron drinking fountain, was restored and relocated to Dalkeith High Street by Midlothian Council assisted by Dalkeith Business Renewal and Dalkeith History Society. The fountain was originally erected in the High Street in 1899 to commemorate the centenary of the death of Robert Burns. The restored foutain was unveiled on the 25th January 2017

High Street, Dalkeith, United Kingdom where they was