The Beatles

group, band, and band managed by

c. 10

The Beatles were the greatest rock band of all time. Formed in Liverpool, England in 1960, the group was composed of members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. Rooted in skiffle, beat, and 1950s rock and roll, the Beatles later experimented with several musical styles, ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock, often incorporating classical elements and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways. In the early 1960s, their enormous popularity first emerged as "Beatlemania", but as the group's music grew in sophistication, led by primary songwriters Lennon and McCartney, they came to be perceived as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the counterculture of the 1960s. The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960, with Stuart Sutcliffe initially serving as bass player. The core of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison went through a succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, and producer George Martin guided and developed their recordings, greatly expanding their popularity in the United Kingdom after their first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962. They acquired the nickname "the Fab Four" as Beatlemania grew in Britain the next year, and by early 1964 became international stars, leading the "British Invasion" of the United States pop market. From 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced increasingly innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber Soul (1965), Revolver (1966), Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), The Beatles (commonly known as the White Album, 1968) and Abbey Road (1969). After their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical careers of varying lengths. McCartney and Starr, the surviving members, remain musically active. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in November 2001. According to the RIAA, the Beatles are the best-selling music artists in the United States, with 178 million certified units. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act. In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazine's list of the all-time most successful "Hot 100" artists; as of 2016, they hold the record for most number-one hits on the Hot 100 chart with twenty. They have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. Collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the twentieth century's 100 most influential people, they are the best-selling band in history, with estimated sales of over 600 million records worldwide. The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and all four were inducted individually from 1994 to 2015.

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Commemorated on 24 plaques

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The Beatles performed at the Grosvenor Rooms on May 17th 1963, before queuing with fans for chips at Valori's on Rose Lane

Grosvenor House, 112-114 Prince of Wales Road, Norwich, United Kingdom where it performed (1963)

Casbah Coffee Club birthplace of The Beatles established 29th August 1959

8 Hayman's Green, West Derby, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it was born (1960)

At this site on 9 April 1960, Geoff Hogarth & Harry Ormesher opened... The Iron Door, Cradle of Mersey Beat ...Bringing us the sound that conquered the World. The Beatles' (as the Silver Beetles) first show here 15 May 1960. Kenny Ball, The Big Three, Cilla Black, Lee Curtis, Faron's Flamingos, Gerry & The Pacemakers, Billy J Kramer, The Remo Four, The Searchers, Freddie Starr, Rory Storm, Kingsize Taylor , Karl Terry, The Undertakers & many others.

13 Temple Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played their first gig (1960)

363 Oxford Street July 1921 - April 2000 HMV Site of the original HMV store Opened by Sir Edward Elgar in July 1921, the HMV store shaped the way people bought music for nearly a century In 1962 it played a significant role in the career of The Beatles. A 78RPM demo disc of the band was cut in the store's recording studio. This led to the Beatles' long-term recording contract with EMI The world's most famous music store

363 Oxford Street, W1, London, United Kingdom where it cut a demo disk (1962)

The Beatles played at the Tower Ballroom, New Brighton on 27 occasions. 1961 - 1963

Tower Grounds, Tower Promenade, New Brighton, United Kingdom where it played at the Tower Ballroom, New Brighton on 27 occasions (1961-1963)

The Ritz Ballroom was one of four music venues run in the 1950s-60s by the Irish husband & wife team Joe (Pa) & Mary (Ma) Regan. Originally the Ideal Cinema and then a billiards hall, this building was converted into the Ritz Ballroom by the Regans using wood from a previous Royal Yacht Britannia. Most of the famous 1960's pop artists appeared here including:- The Beatles on 15th Februrary 1963, The Rolling Stones on 14th September 1963, The Moody Blues on 28th March 1965, Robert Plant on 24th April 1966, The Kinks on 11th June 1966 and Pink Floyd on 16th December 1967. They were all supported by many local groups such as The Modernaires. The Regans later converted this building into a bingo hall. Joe Regan died in 2004 and Mary in 2008. The Ritz Ballroom Music Heritage Plate No. 1 July 2012

Cash Converters, York Road, Kings Heath, Birmingham, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

The Kursaal. Harrogate Council's 1898 competition for the design of a Kursaal or "Cure Hall" was won by London architect Robert Beale, who worked with Frank Matcham, England's most celebrated theatrical designer. The Kursaal was opened by Sir Hubert Parry on 28th May 1903 and is the only remaining building of its type in the country. Intended to complement the town's other spa facilities the Kursaal contained many innovations that provided great flexibility of use. Renamed the "Royal Hall" in 1918, the building has been host to the greatest artists of the day - from Sir Edward Elgar to The Beatles. Following a complete restoration from 2006-8, Matcham's spectacular interior now contains more gold leaf than any similar auditorium in England. The much-loved building was reopened by HRH The Prince of Wales, patron of the Royal Hall Restoration Trust, on 22nd January 2008.

Ripon Road, Harrogate, United Kingdom where it played

Llwybr Mosaig Cysylltiadau Glannau Mersi. Y Beatles. Fe wnaeth y grwp pop chwedlonol o Lerpwl, y Beatles, berfformio yn Neuadd Ddawns Regent Dansette Y Rhyl ar dydd Sadwrn 14 Gorffennaf 1962. Merseyside Connections Mosaic Trail. The Beatles. The legendary pop group, the Beatles, performed in Rhyl's Dansette Ballroom on Saturday 14 July 1962.

Railway Station, Elwy Street, Rhyl, United Kingdom where it performed (1962)

The Beatles 1960s rock band filmed the start of The Magical Mystery Tour here 1967

Rain Grill, High Street, West Malling, United Kingdom where it filmed (1967)

The Beatles. Ringo Starr made his official debut here on 18th August 1962

Hulme Hall, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played (1962)

The Beatles on tour. St. Thomas' Hall. 50th anniversary of the appearance of Johnny Gentle and his group The Silver Beetles. George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Tommy Moore & Stuart Sutcliffe 25th May 1960

, Keith, United Kingdom where it played (1960)

The Highland Council The Beatles Played Here 4th January 1963

Dingwall Town Hall, Church Street, Dingwall, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

'The Beatles' played here, their first performance in Wales, formerly the Regent Dansette Ballroom, Rhyl on Saturday 14th July 1962

Former Dorothy Perkins store, High Street, Rhyl, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

THE BEATLES Is anseo i bPictiúrlann Adelphi a bhí an t-aon dá cheolchoirm i mBaile Átha Cliath acu. 7 Samhain 1963. Performed their only two Dublin concerts here at the Adelphi Cinema 7th November 1963

Middle Abbey Street, Dublin, Ireland where it performed (1963)

The Beatles stayed here in October 1964

Four Seasons Hotel, St Fillans, United Kingdom where it stayed (1964)

The Beatles played their last live performance on the roof of this building 30th January 1969

3 Savile Row, London, United Kingdom where it played (1969)

Hessys Music Centre 1959-1996 62 Stanley Street Where the Beatles bought their musical instruments. In Tribute to all Liverpool musicians groups and entertainers

62 Stanley Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it bought musical instruments

The Beatles performed here at Stowe School 4th April 1963

Stowe School, Stowe, United Kingdom where it sited

"Yesterday" The Grosvenor Ballroom was among the first venues to hear a sound that was to change popular music forever. The Beatles played here in the sixties during their formative years before conquering the world. The Fab Four became part of history - The Grosvenor is part of that history.

The Grosvenor Ballroom (inside), Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played

The Grosvenor. This plaque is to commemorate that The Beatles played regularly here between June 1960 & Sept 1961

The Grosvenor Ballroom, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played

VICTORIA HALL, BEBINGTON/This plaque is to commemorate that The Beatles played here on the 4th August 1962

Victoria Hall, Village Road, Higher Bebington, United Kingdom where it played (1962)

THE BEATLES/played here on 17 occasions in 1962 and 1963/Formerly Majestic Ballroom

46 Conway Street, Birkenhead, United Kingdom where it played (1962-1963)

The back room of this pub was used by The Beatles. This has been confirmed by Bob Wooler, Cavern DJ and Allan Williams, The Beatles first manager.

Rainford Gardens, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it practiced music

The Beatles played here on 26th March 1962 Formerly the Apollo Roller Rink

Pasture Road, Moreton, Wirral, United Kingdom where it played (1962)