King George VI of the United Kingdom

Died aged 56

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth. Known as Albert until his accession, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, and was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He attended naval college as a teenager, and served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War. In 1920, he was made Duke of York. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he never fully overcame. George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of their father in 1936. However, later that year Edward revealed his desire to marry the divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain king. Edward abdicated in order to marry, and George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor. During George's reign the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated. The parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his accession. The following year, a new Irish constitution changed the name of the state to Ireland and established the office of President. From 1939, the Empire and Commonwealth – except Ireland – was at war with Nazi Germany. War with Italy and Japan followed in 1940 and 1941, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained king of both countries, but the title Emperor of India was abandoned in June 1948. Ireland formally declared itself a republic and left the Commonwealth in 1949, and India became a republic within the Commonwealth the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth. He was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. He was succeeded by his elder daughter, Elizabeth II.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 12 plaques

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Albert Bridge on Geograph
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King George V Memorial. Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, unveiled on 23rd April 1937 by King George VI

George V Memorial, Edward VII Avenue, Windsor, United Kingdom where they unveiled

Coastguard Lookout Visited by King George VI, Queen Elizabeth, and princesses Elizabeth and Margaret 24th April 1943

St Edmund's Point, Hunstanton, United Kingdom where they visited

Kingsway named to commemorate the coronation visit of King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth 28th July 1937.

Kingsway, Dunmurry, United Kingdom where they was

Hotel Vancouver Architects: John S. Archibald & John Schofield In 1887, the first Hotel Vancouver opened at Georgia and Granville Streets. It was replaced in 1916 by a more lavish building at the same location. In 1928, construction began on the third and present Hotel Vancouver. It took 11 years to complete, and opened on May 25, 1939 in time to welcome Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on their first Canadian tour.

W Georgia St, Vancouver, BC, Canada where they was

THE PLAYING FIELD. In 1900 Maurice Bromley-Wilson of Dallam Tower 'made over the Strands Meadow to the village for use as a playing field at a nominal rent'. To mark the Coronation of King George VI in 1937 Sir Maurice extended the lease for a nominal rent of £10 'stipulating only that the management should be in the hands of persons holding permanent office in the Parish'. In 1983 Brigadier Tryon-Wilson reduced the Parish Council's annual rent to £5. Traditionally the building to the west was the Customs House for the Port of Milnthorpe.

Park Road, Milnthorpe, United Kingdom where they mentioned (1937)

The National Maritime Museum occupying the former buildings of the Greenwich Royal Hospital School was opened on 27 April 1937 by His Majesty King George VI being the first public act of his reign These Galleries were re-opened on 11 May 1999 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, United Kingdom where they opened (1937)

This bridge was opened by His Royal Highness the Duke of York K.G. on the 4th July 1930. The foundation stone was laid on the 18th April 1929 by The Worshipful The Mayor, Councillor Percy Boyle M.B.E., J.P., during whose mayorality the bridge was completed. Percy Smallman, Town Clerk. Bolton and Lakin Limited, general contractors. H.W. Fitzsimons B.Sc., M.Inst.C.E., engineer. The Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Co. Ltd., steelwork contractors. R.W. Vine, Borough Surveyor.

St Thomas Street, Weymouth, United Kingdom where they was

This building was opened as the headquarters of the National Institute for the Deaf by His Majesty King George VI when HRH the Duke of York on the 11th day of June 1936.

105 Gower Street, London, United Kingdom where they was

His Majesty King George the sixth lay in state here from the eleventh of February until his Burial at Windsor on the fifteen of February nineteen hundred & fifty-two

Westminster Hall, London, United Kingdom where they lay in state (1952)

The Royal Oak His Majesty King George VI planted this tree 25th September 1945

King's Tree, Howden Reservoir, United Kingdom where they planted a tree (1945)

His Majesty King George VI accompanied by Queen Elizabeth and General Sikorski C. in C. Polish Forces took the salute from the Polish troops on March the 7th 1941

, Forfar, United Kingdom where they took the salute (1941)

D-Day 6 June 1944, the Normandy landings were planned by General Montgomery and others in St Paul's School, which occupied this site from 1884 to 1968. On 15 May 1944, the final invasion plan was presented to General Eisenhower and senior allied commanders in the school lecture theatre, in the presence of King George VI and the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill

Hammersmith Road, London, United Kingdom where they was