Charles Dickens
(1812-1870)

Died aged 58

Charles John Huffam Dickens FRSA (/ˈdɪkɪnz/; 7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime and, by the 20th century, critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories are widely read today. Born in Portsmouth, Dickens left school to work in a factory when his father was incarcerated in a debtors' prison. Despite his lack of formal education, he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas, hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, lectured and performed readings extensively, was an indefatigable letter writer, and campaigned vigorously for children's rights, education and other social reforms. Dickens's literary success began with the 1836 serial publication of The Pickwick Papers, a publishing phenomenon—thanks largely to the introduction of the character Sam Weller in the fourth episode—that sparked Pickwick merchandise and spin-offs. Within a few years Dickens had become an international literary celebrity, famous for his humour, satire and keen observation of character and society. His novels, most of them published in monthly or weekly instalments, pioneered the serial publication of narrative fiction, which became the dominant Victorian mode for novel publication. Cliffhanger endings in his serial publications kept readers in suspense. The instalment format allowed Dickens to evaluate his audience's reaction, and he often modified his plot and character development based on such feedback. For example, when his wife's chiropodist expressed distress at the way Miss Mowcher in David Copperfield seemed to reflect her disabilities, Dickens improved the character with positive features. His plots were carefully constructed and he often wove elements from topical events into his narratives. Masses of the illiterate poor would individually pay a halfpenny to have each new monthly episode read to them, opening up and inspiring a new class of readers. His 1843 novella A Christmas Carol remains especially popular and continues to inspire adaptations in every artistic genre. Oliver Twist and Great Expectations are also frequently adapted and, like many of his novels, evoke images of early Victorian London. His 1859 novel A Tale of Two Cities (set in London and Paris) is his best-known work of historical fiction. The most famous celebrity of his era, he undertook, in response to public demand, a series of public reading tours in the later part of his career. The term Dickensian is used to describe something that is reminiscent of Dickens and his writings, such as poor social or working conditions, or comically repulsive characters.

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friend of Thomas Latimer

Commemorated on 66 plaques

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Charles Dickens 1812-1870 novelist lived here

48 Doughty Street, Camden, WC1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Charles Dickens visited John Leech 1817-1864 humorous artist who lived here in 1849

16 Lansdowne Place, Hove, United Kingdom where they visited (1849)

This building housed the offices of Charles Dickens' magazine 'All The Year Round' and his private apartments 1859-1870

Wellington Street WC2, London, United Kingdom where they lived and published the 'All The Year Round' magazine

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 writer, journalist and social reformer

Charles Dickens Primary School, Lant Street, Borough, London, United Kingdom where they was

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 made several visits to this ancient house in the 1830's

Pilgrims, 4–6 Borough Lane, Eastbourne, United Kingdom where they visited

Here lived Charles Kitterbell as related by Charles Dickens in Sketches by Boz "The Bloomsbury Christening"

14 Great Russell Street, WC1, London, United Kingdom where they wrote about

As a boy Charles Dickens worked here 1824 - 1825

6 Chandos Place, London, United Kingdom where they worked (1824-1825)

Music Hall, Nelson Street. Charles Dickens 1812 - 1870. Charles Dickens gave public readings of his works in this theatre during 6 visits to Newcastle between 1852 and 1867. "A finer audience there is not in England"

Nelson Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom where they performed (1852-1867)

While living in a house on this site Charles Dickens wrote six of his principal works. Characters from which appear in this sculptured panel

Marylebone High Street, London, United Kingdom where they lived and wrote six of his principal works

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 Author Stayed here in 1832

92 North Road, N6, London, United Kingdom where they stayed (1832)

Charles Dickens was born in this house on 7th February 1812

393 Old Commercial Road, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where they was born (1812)

1851-60 Charles Dickens novelist lived in Tavistock House near this site

Tavistock House South, Tavistock Square, WC1, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1851-1860)

In this house Charles Dickens lived 1817-1821

2 Ordnance Terrace, Chatham, United Kingdom where they lived (1817-1821)

Near this house in Hawke Street in 1812 lived Charles Dickens novelist 1812-1870

Hawke Street, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where they lived near

In this building in 1859 and 1860 the novelist Charles Dickens (1812-1870) gave selected readings from his many works

New Theatre, Kingston Square, Hull, United Kingdom where they gave selected readings from his many works (1859-1860)

Prolific journalist, novelist and, for one day in 1860 Liverpool police constable Charles Dickens born Portsea 1812 died Gad's Hill, Kent 1870 Liverpool lies in my heart second only to London so wrote Dickens, whose first visit was in 1838. From 1842 until 1869, he was a frequent visitor, giving readings from his novels, usually to large audiences at St George's Hall, also at the former Masque Theatre, Duke Street. In 1860 he was sworn in as a constable for 'research purposes'

1 Campbell Square, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they sworn in as a constable (1860)

1835-1837 Liverpool Mechanics' Institution Designed by A. H. Holme Charles Dickens gave readings here

Mount Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they gave readings (1835-1837)

Eastgate House Built by the Right Worshipful Sir Peter Buck 1590-1. "Westgate House" "Pickwick Papers". "The Nun's House" "Edwin Drood".

High Street, Rochester, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Theatre Royal. A theatre stood on the site of this building from circa 1700-1884. Charles Dickens visited it as a boy and later wrote about it in "The Uncommercial Traveller" and "The Mystery of Edwin Drood".

Star Hill, Rochester, United Kingdom where they visited

Watts' Charity Charles Dickens visited Watts' Charity on May 11th, 1854, and subsequently wrote "The Seven Poor Travellers".

High Street, Rochester, United Kingdom where they visited (1854)

Mr. Tope's This was the home of Mr. Tope, the chief verger of the cathedral in "The Mystery of Edwin Drood". It is the last building mentioned in the writings of Charles Dickens.

High Street, Rochester, United Kingdom where they mentioned in The Mystery of Edwin Drood

The Bull Hotel This "good house" with "nice beds" described by Mr. Jingle in "Pickwick Papers", is also "The Blue Boar" in "Great Expectations".

High Street, Rochester, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 author of The Pickwick Papers stayed here

The Angel Hotel, Angel Hill, Bury St Edmunds, United Kingdom where they stayed

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 was a frequent visitor to the Bedford Hotel which stood on this site until 1964

Holiday Inn Hotel (former Bedford Hotel), 137 Kings Road, Brighton, United Kingdom where they stayed

Charles Dickens dwelt here 1840

35 St James’s Square, Bath, United Kingdom where they lived (1840)

While staying in this house Charles Dickens (English novelist) wrote part of "David Copperfield" in 1849. Myles Birket Foster (watercolour artist) painted "On The Shore, Bonchurch" in 1862. William Adams (Christian scholar, author of "The Sacred Allegories") lived here from 1843 until his death in 1848

Shore Road, Bonchurch, Ventnor, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom where they stayed and wrote part of David Copperfield (1849)

Charles Dickens stayed here in 1857 and 1862 "They gave you bride cake every day after dinner"

75 Market Street, Lancaster, United Kingdom where they stayed (1857-1852)

In the Theatre Royal on this site Charles Dickens gave a public reading of "David Copperfield" on 4th November 1861

Guildhall Street, Canterbury, United Kingdom where they gave a public reading of "David Copperfield" (1861)

Beyond this old wall is the site of Marshalsea Prison, closed in 1842. This sign is attached to a remnant of the prison wall. Charles Dickens, whose father had been imprisoned here for debt in 1824, used that experience as the Marshalsea setting for his novel Little Dorrit.

Tabard Street Gardens, SE1, London, United Kingdom where they used the experience of his father having been imprisoned here for debt in 1824 as the Marshalsea setting for his novel Little Dorrit

St. George's Hall. Designed by Lockwood and Mawson and built in 1853 for public meetings, concerts and lectures. Palmerston and Dickens spoke here.

Hall Ings, Bradford, United Kingdom where they spoke

The George Inn. It is known that the George Inn existed in the late 16th Century although the present building dates from 1677. Both Shakespeare and Dickens knew the hospitality of the inn which has continued right up to the present day. The inn is now owned by The National Trust

73 Borough High Street, Southwark, SE1, London, United Kingdom where they stayed

Site of "White Hart Inn" immortalized by Shakespeare in "Henry VI" & Dickens in "Pickwick Papers"

White Hart Yard, Borough High Street, Southwark, SE1, London, United Kingdom where they wrote about

In the courtyard at the rear of this building is the George-London's only galleried inn. Immortalized by Charles Dickens in "Little Dorrit"

73 Borough High Street, London, United Kingdom where they was

Here while searching for his aunt Betsey Trotwood David Copperfield rested on the doorstep and ate the loaf he had just bought. Charles Dickens 1850

7 Market Square, Dover, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Charles Dickens stayed here on February 1st & 2nd, 1838, while collecting material for his novel "Nicholas Nickleby".

14 Market Place, Barnard Castle, United Kingdom where they stayed (2013)

The site of one of two premises used by Thomas Humphreys, clock-maker, made famous by Charles Dickens in "Master Humphrey's Clock".

1 Newgate, Barnard Castle, United Kingdom where they wrote about

The site of one of two premises used by Thomas Humphreys, clock-maker, made famous by Charles Dickens in "Master Humphrey's Clock".

9 Market Place, Barnard Castle, United Kingdom where they wrote

Charles Dickens lived here, 1839, 1840, 1845, 1849 & 1859, and wrote part of Nicholas Nickleby.

12 Albion Street, Broadstairs, United Kingdom where they lived (1839), lived (1840), lived (1845), lived (1849), lived (1859), and wrote part of Nicholas Nickleby

In this house lived the original of Betsey Trotwood in "David Copperfield" by Charles Dickens, 1849

Dickens House Museum, 2 Victoria Parade, Broadstairs, United Kingdom where they was

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 novelist stayed here, the home and printworks of Thomas Latimer 1803-1888 campaigning journalist

143 Fore Street, Exeter, United Kingdom where they stayed

143 Fore Street 18th Century Merchants House Built in 1714 by Sir Thomas Bury, merchant: sold to Sir John Duntze (also a merchant) in 1733 and lived in by his family until 1788. In the 19th century it became the offices of the 'Western Times' which was printed in the adjacent buildings. Charles Dickens, who was a personal friend of Thomas Latimer, the paper's proprietor and editor, stayed here in 1839.

143 Fore Street, Exeter, United Kingdom where they stayed (1839)

Assembly Rooms. Built in 1857, Charles Dickens gave readings here 1858.

4-6 Huntriss Row, Scarborough, United Kingdom where they gave readings (1858)

St. Nicholas's Chapel. Originally a medieval chapel, this was Chester's Commonhall in the 16th Century and later became the Wool Hall. It was licensed as the Theatre Royal in 1777, and converted into the Chester Music Hall by James Harrison in 1855. Charles Dickens performed here in 1867.

St Nicholas Chapel, St Werburgh Street, Chester, United Kingdom where they performed (1867)

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 stayed here at the George Hotel and in "Nicholas Nicklesby" described it as 'one of the best inns in England'

George Hotel, Grantham, United Kingdom where they stayed

Charles Dickens lived in a house on this site when a boy in 1823

141 Bayham Street, NW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1823)

Charles Dickens novelist lived here B: 1812. D: 1870

Prudential Buildings, 138–142 Holborn, EC1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Charles Dickens 1812-1870 spent his last night in Portsmouth here on 25th May 1866 in the Pier Hotel

Southsea Terrace, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where they stayed

On this site stood The Bush, a celebrated coaching inn. Edmund Burke M.P. used it as his election campaign headquarters. In Pickwick Papers, Charles Dickens had Mr. Winkle stay there. The inn later became Bush Chambers, where Bristol & West Building Society was founded in 1850. The present building was erected in 1857 by The West of England and South Wales District Bank. The Architects W. B. Gingell and T. R. Lysaght based its High Renaissance style on Jacopo Sansovino's Library of St. Mark, Venice. It has been occupied by Lloyds Bank Limited since 1892 and the exterior remains substantially in its original form.

Corn Street, Bristol, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Where the civic centre now stands was the Swinton Moral and Industrial School set up by the Manchester Poor Law Union. 'Union' was the name given to groups of parishes which had joined together to provide workhouses. The Manchester Union was one of the first to set up a large separate institution for pauper children. Charles Dickens himself visited the school in 1850 and said that it could easily be mistaken for a duke's country seat. He called it a pauper's palace. Swinton Industrial School Opened in 1846 - Closed 1925 'The Pauper's Palace' also locally known as "The Bastille"

Chorley Road, Swinton, United Kingdom where they was

Built c 1780. Top o' th' Brow. The rear part of this building was home to William and Grace Grant after their arrival in Ramsbottom in 1806. Sons William and Daniel Grant owned the nearby Old Ground calico printworks. They are believed to be the inspiration for Charles Dickens' Cheeryble brothers in his 1838-39 novel Nicholas Nickleby. The present frontage was added and the house became The Grant Arms Hotel 1828.

11 Market Place, Ramsbottom, BL9 0LD, Ramsbottom, United Kingdom where they wrote about

In the Music Hall which stood on this site, Charles Dickens read from A Christmas Carol and Pickwick Papers, 6th November 1861

53 Robertson Street, Hastings, United Kingdom where they performed (1861)

Hanbury Hall Built 1719 as a French Huguenot Church. Used by La Patente Church 1740 onwards. John Wesley preached here. 1787 it became a German Lutheran Church. Used by the Baptists then the United Free Methodists. Charles Dickens gave public readings here. 1887 Christ Church bought the building as its Church Hall. 1888 Annie Besant and Eleanor Marx-Aveling held the matchstick girls strike meetings here which helped to establish the British Trade Unions. Throughout its life this hall has served Church, community and nation.

22 Hanbury Street Spitalfields, London, United Kingdom where they performed

The Lion. Dating from before 1618, the premier coaching on the London-Holyhead route. Famous visitors include Charles Dickens, Paganini, William IV, Jenny Lind, D'Quincy, Madame Tussaud, Disraeli. Particular features of note include Adam Ballroom & Tapestry Lounge

Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom where they visited

Charles Dickens

Fort Road, Broadstairs, United Kingdom where they was

Charles Dickens's Wine Cellar The wine cellar used by Charles Dickens during his time at Doughty Street has been restored and refitted with the financial assistance of national wine merchants Peter Dominic.

48 Doughty Street, London, United Kingdom where they was

Kentucky Historical Marker #1681

Louisville's Steamboat Era. River navigation in 18th century was by flatboat and keelboat. First steamboat, NEW ORLEANS, arrived in Louisville in autumn of 1811. City soon became steamboat center with six lines operating here. Hundreds of these boats were built in area. Wharf teemed with traffic through Civil War. Eight U.S. presidents arrived on this wharf or "levee." (Reverse) Visitors at Louisville Wharf James Monroe - June 1819 Andrew Jackson - June 1819 Alexis de Tocqueville - Dec. 1831 Washington Irving - Sept. 1832 Abraham Lincoln - Sept. 1841 Charles Dickens - Apr. 1842 Walt Whitman - Feb. 1848 Ralph Waldo Emerson - June 1850 Oliver W. Holmes - Sept. 1855 Herman Melville - Jan.1858

At the Wharf, 4th St., Louisville, KY, United States where they visited (1841)

Charles Dickens novelist born 1812 died 1870 lived for a time in Furnivals Inn close to this spot and there wrote Pickwick in the year 1836.

, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Sun Hotel formerly known as The Little Inn made famous by Chas. Dickens in his travels thro' Kent Built 1503

, Canterbury, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Young Charles Dickens twice lived in this house 1815-16 and 1828-31 a few doors from the Cleveland Street Workhouse Dickens's first London home

22 Cleveland Street, London, United Kingdom where they was

St George's Hall. Bradford's first public building was designed by celebrated architects Henry Francis Lockwood and William Mawson, and financed by public subscription. It has hosted, amongst others, Charles Dickens, Winston Churchill and Harry Houdini, and is one of the oldest concert halls still in use in Europe. Erected 1853

St George's Hall, Bradford, United Kingdom where they performed

Site of the Rose & Crown Inn reputedly The Town Arms of Eatan Swill of Charles Dickens

Winch & Blatch - 40 King Street, Sudbury, United Kingdom where they inspired

The Bulls Head and Pump Corner. Supplying London coaches from the 18th century, the inn became famed in the 19th century for its coachman, William Broad, possibly the model for Charles Dickens' Toby Weller in The Pickwick Papers. At the opposite corner stands the pump. It was installed in 1780 to draw water from the well which had been the centre of the town since the Middle Ages.

South Street, Dorking, United Kingdom where they wrote about

Ventnor & District Local History Society Whilst staying here in 1849 JOHN LEECH 1817-1864 Cartoonist & Illustrator Chief Pictorial Pillar of 'PUNCH' Illustrate a special shower-bath contraption erected on the beach by his friend Charles Dickens

Hillside Cottage, Bonchurch Shute, Ventnor, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom where they was near (1849)

Charles Dickens lived in a house on this site 1824-1829 Later to be the home of The David Copperfield Childrens Library 1922-1932

9-16 Cranleigh Houses, Cranleigh Street, Somers Town, London, United Kingdom where they was

Charles Dickens 1812 - 1870 novelist lived here in boyhood

Garden of the Charles Dickens Museum, 48 Doughty Street, London, United Kingdom where they was

These steps and arch are surviving fragments of the 1831 London Bridge designed by John Rennie and built by his son Sir John Rennie. These steps were the scene of the murder of Nancy in Charles Dickens' novel Oliver Twist.

Montague Close, London, United Kingdom where they wrote about